البرلينية(BERLIN)

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البرلينية(BERLIN)

The reunified and reinvigorated capital of Germany; known for its being divided during the Cold War by the Berlin Wall. Today a metropolis of diversity with some of the world's best clubs, shops, galleries and restaurants. Due to its long status as a divided city, Berlin also boasts more operas and museums per capita than most other places in the world. The suburb of Potsdam with its royal palaces and gardens shouldn't be missed when in Berlin.

الأماكن الساخنة

Tauentzienstraße

Tauentzienstraße is a major shopping street in the City West area of Berlin, Germany. With a length of about 500m it runs between two important squares, Wittenbergplatz in the east and Breitscheidplatz in the west, where it is continued by the Kurfürstendamm boulevard. While the eastern half belongs to the Schöneberg district, the western part (beyond Nürnberger Straße) is in Charlottenburg.

Berlin Cathedral

Berlin Cathedral is the short name for the Evangelical Supreme Parish and Collegiate Church in Berlin, Germany. It is located on Museum Island in the Mitte borough. The current building was finished in 1905 and is a main work of Historicist architecture of the "Kaiserzeit". The Dom is the parish church of the congregation Gemeinde der Oberpfarr- und Domkirche zu Berlin, a member of the umbrella organisation Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. The Berlin Cathedral has never been a cathedral in the actual sense of that term since it has never been the seat of a bishop. The bishop of the Evangelical Church in Berlin-Brandenburg (under this name 1945–2003) is based at St. Mary's Church and Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in Berlin.

German Museum of Technology

Deutsches Technikmuseum Berlin in Berlin, Germany is a museum of science and technology, and exhibits a large collection of historical technical artifacts. The museum's main emphasis originally was on rail transport, but today it also features exhibits of various sorts of industrial technology. In 2003, it opened both maritime and aviation exhibition halls in a newly built extension. The museum also contains a science center called Spectrum.

Berghain

Berghain is a nightclub in Berlin, Germany. It is named after its location near the border between Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain in Berlin, and is a short walk from Berlin Ostbahnhof main line railway station. Philip Sherburne described Berghain in 2007 as "quite possibly the current world capital of techno, much as E-Werk or Tresor were in their respective heydays".

Friedrichstraße

The Friedrichstraße (lit. Frederick Street) is a major culture and shopping street in central Berlin, forming the core of the Friedrichstadt neighborhood and giving the name to Berlin Friedrichstraße station. It runs from the northern part of the old Mitte district (north of which it is called Chausseestraße) to the Hallesches Tor in the district of Kreuzberg. This downtown area is known for its posh real estate market and the campus of the Hertie School of Governance. Due to its north-southerly direction, it forms important junctions with the east-western axes, most notably with Leipziger Straße and Unter den Linden. The U6 U-Bahn line runs underneath. During the Cold War it was bisected by the Berlin Wall and was the location of Checkpoint Charlie.

Potsdamer Platz

Potsdamer Platz is an important public square and traffic intersection in the centre of Berlin, Germany, lying about 1km south of the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag (German Parliament Building), and close to the southeast corner of the Tiergarten park. It is named after the city of Potsdam, some 25km to the south west, and marks the point where the old road from Potsdam passed through the city wall of Berlin at the Potsdam Gate. After developing within the space of little over a century from an intersection of rural thoroughfares into the most bustling traffic intersection in Europe, it was totally laid to waste during World War II and then left desolate during the Cold War era when the Berlin Wall bisected its former location. Since German reunification, Potsdamer Platz has been the site of major redevelopment projects.

Spreepark

Spreepark is an abandoned amusement park in the north of the Plänterwald in the Berlin district Treptow-Köpenick . It was also well known by its earlier name Kulturpark Plänterwald Berlin.

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe also known as the Holocaust Memorial (German: Holocaust-Mahnmal), is a memorial in Berlin to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust, designed by architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold. It consists of a 19000m2 site covered with 2,711 concrete slabs or "stelae", arranged in a grid pattern on a sloping field. The stelae are 2.38m long, 0.95m wide and vary in height from 0.2 to 4.7m. They are organized in rows, 54 of them going north–south, and 87 heading east–west at right angles but set slightly askew. An attached underground "Place of Information" holds the names of approximately 3 million Jewish Holocaust victims, obtained from the Israeli museum Yad Vashem. Building began on April 1, 2003, and was finished on December 15, 2004. It was inaugurated on May 10, 2005, sixty years after the end of World War II, and opened to the public two days later. It is located one block south of the Brandenburg Gate, in the Friedrichstadt neighborhood. The cost of construction was approximately €25 million.

الأنشطة الساخنة

Nazi architecture

Nazi architecture refers to the architecture promoted by the Third Reich from 1933 until its fall in 1945.

Modern movement

Modern architecture or modernist architecture is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II.

Activities

Go on a Tour of Berlin - the Mitte and surrounding districts are sufficiently compact to allow a number of excellent walking tours through its history-filled streets.

Shopping

Shopping hours are theoretically unlimited on weekdays. Nevertheless, many of the smaller shops still close at 20:00.

Sightseeing

Berlin has a vast array of museums.

Eat and drink

Lovers of street food rejoice. Berlin has an incredibly wide variety of different styles and tastes at very affordable prices.

جولات

scavenger hunt for school classes and families

Experience a refreshingly different city tour. Explore the sights of Berlin at your own pace with the scavenger hunt-city tour, the most suitable for families and teens with fun puzzles! It offers an interactive tour.

Private Airport Round-Trip Transfer: Berlin Tegel Airport

Start your stay in Berlin stress-less and arrange your trip in advance. Use a door-to-door transfer service with comfort and safety and avoid long taxi lines upon arrival.

City Tour Berlin: Scheunenviertel and Hackesche Höfe

Experience old Berlin, stories about crooks, small alleyways, and the milieu of Zille. You will be introduced to the twenties, explore renovated and derelict courtyards, an old ballroom, and delve into the Jewish history of Berlin.

Priority Seating: Hard Rock Cafe Berlin

Get VIP priority seating at the Hard Rock Cafe Berlin and feel like a rock star. Dine on classic American specialties in a fun-filled environment, and pick up some unique, and authentic merchandise to commemorate your visit.

Berlin 60 Minute Segway Rental

See the sights of Berlin by self-balancing Segway, and marvel at top attractions at your own pace. Get an overview of Berlin and its diversity in a short time, passing landmark sites such as the Holocaust Memorial, Reichstag building, and Potsdamer Platz.

Berlin Wall And Cold War Walking Tour in Berlin

Join this guided Berlin walking tour and learn about Berlin Wall and the Cold War in the city. See the main sights of the Cold War in Berlin and learn about the historical background of this once divided city and the life of Berlin's citizens during the Cold War.

البرلينية(BERLIN) يرشد

Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor) Berlinis Germany's capital and co-extensive with theLandof Berlin, one of the 16 federal states that make up the Federal Republic of Germany. With a population of 3.5 million (4.5 million if adjacent suburbs across the state line in Brandenburg are counted), Berlin is Germany's biggest city, but the Ruhr area arguably has a bigger metro area population. The focus on and dominance of Berlin as a capital is and has historically been far weaker than that of London, Paris or Madrid, not least because of the federal nature of Germany and the havoc partition wreaked on the city

Berlin is unusual among European capitals in many respects and the four decades of partition—28 years of them being physically separated by a wall—have also left traces. Merely a backwater town in the early 18th century, Berlin grew to be one of the most important and biggest cities in the world by the 1920s, only to lose much of its importance and historic architecture as a result of World War II and German partition. The heart of oldPrussiaand a focal point of the Cold War, Berlin today is coming into its own again as a cosmopolitan capital of one of Europe's wealthiest nations. "Arm aber sexy" (poor but sexy) as a former mayor would have it, Berlin attracts young people, students and a creative bohème like few other cities in the world. With architectural heritage from Prussian monarchism, Nazism, East German communism andPotsdamer Platz, filled with 1990s and 2000s-style glass palaces after having been a "blank canvas" due to the wall, Berlin's architecture is as varied as its neighbourhoods and its people. And due to its long history as a cosmopolitan capital (first of Prussia and later of Germany) it has attracted immigrants from all over the world for more than three hundred years now. It should thus be no surprise that immigrants past and present continue to leave a distinctive mark on the city.

Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media and science. Its economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations. Significant industries also include IT, biotechnology, construction and electronics. Berlin is home to world-renowned universities, orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events. Its Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwide. With the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex in nearby Babelsberg (Potsdam), Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions. The city is well known for its festivals, nightlife, contemporary arts and a very high quality of living.

Berlin can be seen as a cluster of centres. Berlin has many boroughs (Bezirke), and each borough is composed of several localities (KiezorViertel) — each of these boroughs and localities have their unique style. Some boroughs of Berlin are more worthy of a visitor's attention than others. Berlin used to be divided into 23 boroughs, and these boroughs are used in Wikivoyage as they remain foremost in popular conceptions of the city and are useful for visitors to know. In January 2001, the number of boroughs was reduced from 23 to 12 for administrative purposes—mostly by merging old boroughs—sometimes across what was the inner-Berlin border. The boroughs can roughly be grouped into eight districts:

The area was most likely first settled by Slavs before German-speaking immigrants arrived in the 11th and 12th centuries. The earliest evidence of settlements in the area of what is now Berlin are a wooden rod dated from approximately 1192 and remains of wooden houses dated to 1174 which were found in a 2012 excavation in Berlin Mitte. The first written records of towns in the area of present-day Berlin date from the late 12th century. Spandau is first mentioned in 1197 and Köpenick in 1209, although these areas did not become part of Berlin until 1920 (see below). The nucleus of Berlin were two towns: Berlin (now known as theNikolaiviertelclose to Alexanderplatz), which began as a Slavic town, and Cölln, which was Germanic in origin, which included what has today become theMuseum Island.

The area became known as Berlin-Cölln and was a residence for the electors of Brandenburg but it remained relatively small. Roughly half of Berlin's inhabitants perished as a result of theThirty Years' War(1618-1648). The war - which also devastated other Hohenzollern domains - led to a signature Hohenzollern policy of allowing and even encouraging religious refugees to immigrate to the area. The policy was first promulgated by "great elector" Frederic William (Friedrich Wilhelm, reigned 1640-1688) who also consolidated the trend of ruling Prussians to be called Friedrich, Wilhelm or both, which lasted all the way to the last German Kaiser Wilhelm II, who was forced to abdicate in 1918.

Berlin became the capital ofPrussiain 1701 but Potsdam remained a symbol for Hohenzollern rule into Weimar times. In 1710 several independent towns were merged into Berlin, helping to give Berlin a polycentric layout that endures to this day. The Prussian leaders of the 18th century were known for their "enlightened despotism" and an amount of religious toleration far beyond that found in other parts of Europe at the time. Those policies benefited all of Brandenburg/Prussia but they had their strongest impact on Berlin.

The German Reich (Empire) was formed in 1871 under Prussian dominance and Berlin became the capital of this newly united Germany, quickly growing both due to its administrative role and its role as a centre of industry. By 1877 Berlin had more than one million inhabitants, and by 1900 the city had a population of 1.9 million.

Even though the revolution that deposed theKaiserhad broken out among discontent sailors inKiel, who didn't want to die in one last futile (but glorious in the minds of the admirals) attempt to turn the tide of the lost war in a sea battle, it was in Berlin that many of the most decisive events of the German November Revolution took place. Philip Scheidemann - a Social Democrat - declared a republic from a window of theReichstagon November 9, 1918. Just hours later, communistKarl Liebknechtdeclared a "free socialist republic" leading Social Democrats and Communists, already at odds in 1914 over the question of whether to supportWorld War Ito fundamentally split. Berlin became one of the centres of fighting and chaos. The Social Democrats allied with demobilised soldiers forming right wingFreikorpsand the old elites to squash the rebellion. Liebknecht and his colleagueRosa Luxemburgwere murdered by the Freikorps, and their bodies were dumped into the Landwehrkanal. The sense of betrayal many Communists felt would remain as a stain on the Social Democratic Party throughout the Weimar Republic period. It endures to this day as an example for Social Democrats cozying up with the centre-right and right in the eyes of some radical leftists.

In 1920, the last of the annexations of towns surrounding Berlin created the administrative borders it has today, then known as "Groß-Berlin" or greater Berlin. The Weimar era was probably the high point in both the importance of Berlin and its reputation in the world. The city grew - in part thanks to the aforementioned annexations - to 4 million people (a number it is inching towards today from roughly 3½ million) and was one of the most populous and influential in the world, only exceeded in population by New York City and London. In area, Groß-Berlin was the second biggest city in the world behind onlyLos Angeles, and the area encompassed by the city is roughly equivalent to that of Rügen. Almost all politicians, intellectuals, artists, scientists and other public figures known during the Weimar Republic lived and worked in Berlin.Potsdamer Platz(site of one of the first traffic lights in the world) was considered one of the places in Europe with the densest traffic. The rapidly developing S-Bahn (electrified in that era) and U-Bahn mass transit systems were seen as models for the world with few equals. Tempelhof Airport (then without its iconic terminal building which was built by the Nazis) was seen as one of the best airports in Europe, and its connection to the U-Bahn showed the way for all major airports to come. Berlin was also a bustling multicultural place with people from all over the world contributing to its cultural and economic output. Rampant inequality, however, meant that not everybody participated in the boom of Berlin. The economic crisis of 1929 and the subsequent austerity measures hit the poorest disproportionally hard. Housing was scarce in the booming city, and apartment blocks intended to remedy this were built. Six groups of these buildings have been declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites under the name "BerlinModernism Housing Estates".

The Nazis wanted to redesign Berlin into a "world capital Germania", but thankfully the war put an end to those plans. The Nazi buildings that remain were built before the war and are not always associated with them, such as the Olympic Stadium (built for the 1936 games) and the terminal building for Tempelhof Airport. Berlin was hit hard and repeatedly by aerial bombardment during World War II. Unlike Hamburg or Dresden, there was no single big bombardment and no major fire, but rather a series of bombardments that leveled a lot of the city. Many historical buildings were lost and much of what is visible today is new construction after the war, or an attempt to save buildings that would have been torn down as too damaged in other circumstances. The GDR, on the other hand, intentionally tore down buildings that might have been salvageable. TheStadtschlosswas seen as a remnant of feudalism and was replaced with thePalast der Republikwhich housed the GDR Parliament. It was torn down after 1990 due to its political associations and asbestos content. Construction of a newStadtschlossis taking place at the same site, almost finished as of 2019. The full opening of the rebuiltStadtschlossis planned for 2020. In the last months of the war, Berlin was at the heart of one of the bloodiest battles of the war as several Soviet generals raced one another to get to Berlin first because Stalin believed the Americans and British intended to conquer Berlin as well. The Nazis did not give a second thought about human lives either, and in the last weeks very old and very young men were pressed into service in an entirely futile attempt to halt the Soviet advance. A "whispered joke" making the rounds at the time among Germans said the war would be over when theVolkssturm(old men and teenagers - Hitler's last "soldiers" of any kind) would take the S-Bahn to the front. The iconic photo of a Soviet soldier raising the red flag on theReichstagdates to that era, and graffiti made by Soviet soldiers in 1945 can still be found in the Reichstag Building.

Berlin was divided into four sectors in accordance with the agreements of Yalta and Potsdam (the latter chosen mostly because it was the place closest to Berlin with rooms undamaged enough to be used for a conference). While the initial plan was to jointly administer Berlin and Germany, the façade broke down in Berlin first with the Soviet blockade of the Western sectors and the subsequent Berlin airlift when West Berlin was supplied by the western allies through the air making use of the airport Tempelhof, RAF Gatow and what would later become Tegel Airport.The airlift, including the dropping of small packets of candy on makeshift parachutes (an idea of US pilot Gail Halvorsen), endeared people in West Berlin to the Western allies, and eventually forced the Soviets to end the blockade. Despite the name "raisin bomber", however, the single most common good by net tonnage was coal. Due to being cut off from Soviet-occupied electricity lines, the planes also flew in an entire power plant and subsequently the fuel for it, but most coal was used to heat private homes. West Berlin later became a part of West Germany in fact if not in name: it sent non-voting delegates to theBundestagwho were nominated by the Berlin parliament rather than elected by the people; similarly all federal laws had to be approved by the Berlin legislature, which usually happened without any real vote or discussion. Crucially, Berlin was "demilitarised" and thus people in West Berlin could not legally serve in the Bundeswehr, no matter whether they were born in Berlin or elsewhere, and moving to Berlin thus became a very popular way to avoid the draft. Berlin remained the last open crossing in the increasingly militarised and airtight "inner-German" border. On August 13, 1961, the GDR leadership closed the border just days after Ulbricht said in a press conference "Niemand hat die Absicht eine Mauer zu errichten" (nobody has the intention of building a wall). The border was fortified more and more in the ensuing years with several walls. The most iconic wall made out of concrete was soon covered in graffiti on its western side which was technically still in East Berlin, but neither the East German nor the West German police were willing or able to police it.

While Berlin had taken two big hits with the war and partition, the era of Berlin partition also led to a unique development, especially in the Western half. West Berlin held a special status because it never belonged to the Federal Republic of Germany, even though it "voluntarily" applied most West German laws. A prohibition on joining the military made it a place for many students and radicals or people who wanted to avoid the draft to go. The student revolts of 1967/68 mostly took place here. It was here that young Benno Ohnesorg was shot during a protest against the Shah of Iran in 1967. This galvanised a movement against continued presence of Nazi elites, the Vietnam War and several - perceived or real - birth defects of the young German Federal Republic. This movement, retroactively calleddie 68er(the 68ers), had several hotspots in Germany, but it was most prominent in Berlin. Its leader, Rudi Dutschke, an East German emigrant from Brandenburg, was shot in Berlin in 1968. He survived the shooting, but died of a seizure caused by the wounds in 1979. In this era, Kreuzberg, a part of which (known then as "Kreuzberg 36" due to its postal code), was surrounded by the wall on three sides. It became a particular hotbed of leftist activism and there were frequent clashes with police all the way to reunification and to some extent to this day. During partition, artists like David Bowie came to Berlin to get inspiration. A stop at some representative place in Berlin (the Wall, theBrandenburg Gate, etc. ) became a mainstay of presidential visits to the city. Ronald Reagan famously stood in front of theBrandenburg Gate(which was inaccessible due to the Wall) when he said "Mister Gorbachev open this gate; Mister Gorbachev tear down this wall."

People fed up with the situation in East Germany - and encouraged by Gorbachev's policy ofglasnostandperestroika- took to the streets in increasing numbers in 1989. There was a large demonstration at Alexanderplatz in October 1989. On November 9, 1989, Günter Schabowski read aloud a new decree regarding an opening of the border during the first-ever live GDR press conference. On the subsequent question of when it would enter in force, he (erroneously) replied "sofort, unverzüglich" (i.e. immediately). This led to people flocking the border post in the belief the wall had fallen. The overwhelmed guards had no choice but to open the border, and this day became known as the "fall of theBerlin Wall". The wall was torn down in the ensuing weeks and days. Events began moving fast, and after elections resulted in a clear pro-unification majority, East Germany joined West Germany on October 3, 1990, just days ahead of what would have been the 41st anniversary of the GDR. Berlin became the capital of reunified Germany and most - though not all - governmental institutions moved there in 1998. This coincided with the end of the chancellorship ofHelmut Kohlwho had been in office when German unity came about and governed Germany longer than any other non-royal.

Despite its almost total lack of industry (what survived the war either left West Berlin or was nationalised in East Berlin and mostly went bankrupt during 1989/90), Berlin is a major draw for immigrants, particularly the young and well-educated. Berlin is slightly less well-off than the national average (unique among major national capitals), but has surprisingly affordable (though rapidly rising) rents and costs of living for a city of its size and importance. This all combines to make Berlin one of the centres of the startup phenomenon. The economic crisis in Southern Europe combined with the Erasmus program has led to a significant rise in the Spanish-speaking population in particular. Berlin also draws migrants from all parts of Germany - particularly, at least according to common cliches - Swabia. While international immigrants are usually welcomed with open arms, there is a not entirely tongue-in-cheek aversion against "Swabians", though sometimes the holders of anti-Swabian prejudice are recent arrivals as well. Since reunification, Berlin's Jewish community has been growing because of immigration from the former Soviet Union, and because young Israelis find Berlin a better place to live (and party) than Tel Aviv, Haifa or Jerusalem. An issue that has plagued Berlin in various forms since the end of the war but increasingly since reunification is that of strained municipal finances. Unlike Paris or London (or evenMunichwithin Bavaria), Berlin does not benefit from large infusions of funds to build projects in the national capital. During partition, West Berlin was subsidised to an extent because it was surrounded by East Germany, and because it was seen as a propaganda tool to have a wealthy, successful and prosperous West Berlin right in front of the nose of the East. Meanwhile, East Berlin was seen as the pride of the East German regime and likewise first in line for any scarce resources, including housing, consumer goods and infrastructure improvements. Following reunification, there was great enthusiasm that Berlin would finally be fully reconnected to its Brandenburg suburbs and the scars of division could be healed and wounds mended. However, a planned fusion of the states of Berlin and Brandenburg was rejected by Brandenburg. Subsidies that had been granted as a matter of course were increasingly questioned, and the infrastructure of two major capitals often strains the ability of Berlin to keep up. As if this all hadn't been enough, in 2001 a major banking scandal rocked Berlin which resulted in billions of euros in losses to be absorbed by the empty state treasury. A further problem, familiar to some US cities unable to annex their suburbs, is that many who live across the state line in Brandenburg benefit from Berlin infrastructure, but pay no state tax in Berlin and are not counted among Berlin's population for the purpose of allocations of funding. To give one example of the effects of this strained financial situation: there have only been four subway extensions reaching a combined length of (including the 1.8-km U55) since reunification in 1990, compared with over 10 km in East Berlin during the 1980s and a veritable U-Bahn expansion spree in the West during 40 years of partition. And even then, some of the post-unification expansions were explicitly agreed to in federal law and financed almost exclusively through federal money.

While the wall is now fallen longer than it ever stood, and some scars of partition took only weeks or months to mend, there are still visible signs of where the wall once was. Some are seemingly innocuous like the lack of trams in the old west or the colour of street lights (better visible from outer space), but some are kept in place on purpose to remind locals and visitors alike of that phase of history. Sadly there was a certain post-reunification iconoclasm of all things GDR. While many things (particularly the monuments to the Soviet soldiers) were kept, the most notable victim of a drive to tear down all relics of Communist government was thePalast der Republik. It was torn down in part because of asbestos contamination, but also to restore the former PrussianStadtschloss, which had been torn down by GDR iconoclasts to make way for their reorganisation of the city.

Berlin has a temperate oceanic climate, meaning warm summers and cold winters. Nighttime temperatures typically fall below freezing in the winter, and snowfall is a regular occurrence, though the snow rarely accumulates for more than a few days. Summers are typically pleasant, with daytime temperatures typically in the low 20s, and nighttime temperatures staying above 10 °C. Berlin is a rather windy city compared to much of Southern Germany, though by no means as windy as coastal cities like Hamburg or Lübeck. A wind-stopping jacket comes highly recommended, especially during the shoulder seasons.

As a city that grew from an assortment of minor towns in a backwater of Europe to the third biggest city in the world in barely more than two centuries, Berlin has always been a place where being "from elsewhere" was the rule rather than the exception. During GDR times, East Berlin attracted many people from the countryside and other cities as new housing was built at a faster rate there to alleviate the housing shortage. Furthermore, Berliners often enjoyed slightly fuller shelves and shorter lines in supermarkets than other East Germans. In the West, some people did leave Berlin due to its "insular" geography and others came in due to the exemption from the draft. Today Berlin draws people from Germany and from all over Europe. You will find a diaspora of very close to every ethnicity, religion and national origin in Berlin. This means that Berlin is able to constantly reinvent itself, but a Berliner born-and-raised is something of a rare sight outside some outlying neighbourhoods.

Nowadays the conflicts between Easterners and Westerners are often replaced by jokes about Swabians, who have a reputation for thriftiness, uptightness and an audible dialect. Many Swabians have flocked to neighbourhoods likePrenzlauer Berg, and the welcome hasn't always been warm. Make no mistake, however, often those complaining the loudest about "Swabians" or gentrification are relatively recent arrivals themselves.

Berliners are notorious for a certain type of "humour" that can come across as just plain rudeness to those not accustomed to it. The stereotypical Berliner has a reputation for impolite directness even among Germans who in general see little use in pleasantries and small talk.

Berlin is also a remarkably irreligious city with only about a quarter of the population belonging to either the Protestant or Catholic Church as tracked for tax reasons. Media – especially those of a conservative bent or based in mostly Catholic southern Germany – have consequentially taken to calling Berlin "capital of Atheists".

Signage and automatic announcements are often available in English (and possibly other languages besides German), and all signage related to the partition era is available in all three languages of the former occupiers (French, Russian and English). There are, however, surprisingly many people who speak little or no English. In particular, elderly people or people who grew up in the East (where Russian was taught in schools) often have little or no English, though that does not necessarily keep them from attempting to speak English with you if they notice an accent or halting German.

People who work in public transit and the tourism sector are now expected to speak at least some English, but they may not necessarily have much patience explaining the same thing over and over to tourists every single day and the aforementioned Berlin rudeness/"humor" might come through even when dealing with tourists.

There are also 400,000 people of Turkish origin living in Berlin, mainly in the western districts. Many of them arrived in the early 1960s from remote villages in Anatolia as guest workers but stayed on and had German-born children of varying citizenship.

Since the early to mid-2000s Berlin has attracted foreign students from all over Europe. Due to the economic crisis in Southern Europe there are a lot of Spanish, Greek and Italian students in Berlin. As many students in Berlin are either Erasmus students or have been abroad elsewhere, you can reasonably expect students to speak at least passable English and often another European language.

The Berlin dialect is still spoken by many people, particularly in outlying districts and neighbouring Brandenburg. Dialect is usually more pronounced in the East and some words are almost entirely unknown even in West Berlin.

Some words used in the Berlin dialect:

  • Schrippe: (bread)roll
  • Stulle: sandwich
  • Broiler: grilled chicken (people from western Germany and former West Berlin probably won't understand this; they sayGrillhähncheninstead)

View over Potsdamer Platz, headquarters of Deutsche Bahn and DaimlerBefore the Second World War, Berlin was a centre for major German industrial companies and the administrative headquarters of many companies in all fields. However, soon after the war ended, many of these companies moved south or west, went bankrupt, or were nationalised in the GDR. Berlin consequently has become a centre of research, rather than of production. While some company headquarters have moved to Berlin since reunification, the dominance of the capital is much less pronounced in the German economy than in that of most other European countries. Despite the economic boost resulting from the country's capital moving back to the city, Berlin's unemployment rate soared over 10%. Berlin is also known in Germany for being a centre of creative branches such as design and arts of all kinds -- you will see a lot of people working (or not depending on your definition of the term) with Apple products in some coffee shops.

As Berlin grew from several different towns and villages, there is not one centreper sebut rather several centres which can make orientation a bit difficult. Berlin's U- and S-Bahn bear the scars of three decades of partition and of post-reunification lack of funds. They originated as a hodgepodge of lines constructed by private companies and (then) independent cities. Some lines use a loading gauge ("Kleinprofil") that is different from other lines, making through running a technological challenge. In that, theBerlin U-Bahnis not too different from the New York City Metro. Routes are indicated by number and the name of their endpoint, so memorise them lest you want to go many kilometres into the wrong direction. A good public transit map comes in handy, and several institutions hand out city maps with urban rail stops indicated on them. The U-Bahn, S-Bahn and (in the former East) Straßenbahn are still a good way to get around. The buses are also clean, reliable and relatively fast.

The apocryphal adage about Washington DC's street layout being designed to confuse invading armies could apply to Berlin as well, if it were designed by anybody to do anything at all. Berlin's streets are confusing and follow no logic to speak of, owing to the development of the city and to decades of partition. Cardinal directions are of little use: close to nothing is aligned straightforwardly east-west or north-south not even the former border. Street signs therefore usually bear the names of boroughs and sometimes local landmarks, rather than "North", "South", "East" or "West". At any rate, driving a car in Berlin should be avoided if you can, but cycling can be a worthwhile way to experience the city if you are aware of the distances.

There may bedifferent streets of the same namescattered across the city. For example, there are at least three streets named "Potsdamer Straße": one in Lichtenrade, one in Zehlendorf and another one in Giesendorf. This is not an uncommon thing in Berlin in part due to it having been a bunch of separate cities and villages. (Some of the more common names have since been changed, but by far not all of them.) It is a good idea to always keep in mind which district you are travelling to. German postal codes are pretty fine-grained and usually the same street-name should not appear twice in the same code, so try and use the full address with postal code and/or district. Taxi drivers somehow have to (and usually do) know most of those strange and repeating street names. As Istanbul-born comedian Serdar Somuncu quipped with regard to the many Turkish-descendant taxi drivers, "A German wouldn't go to Istanbul to become a taxi driver, yet countless Turkish taxi drivers get people to one of the three dozen Goethe Straßen in Berlin without fail every day".

Street name with the range of house numbers; notice also the East Berlin Ampelmännchen House numbersdo not necessarily run in the same direction (up or down) everywhere. On a lot of streets, the numbers ascend on one side and descend on the other. So to avoid getting you lost, you should check the numbering scheme first: you can find the name of the street at nearly every street corner. The same sign will usually state the range of house numbers in that segment.

As a city of its size and importance, there are more works of fiction than could conceivably be listed by a travel guide, so this list does not attempt to be exhaustive. While Berlin's cultural output never ceased (and indeed some fields got a lot of inspiration by the divided city), it probably reached its peak in the 1920s. It is working its way towards a new peak with the ascendant and reunified Berlin once more seeking and finding its place on the world stage. As Berlin had the cultural infrastructure of two major capitals during partition, there are theatres, operas and universities galore. These are a drag on the empty municipal coffers and lead to complaints by people from other parts of Germany about subsidies, but they help keep one of the most vibrant cultural scenes in Europe alive.

  • Berlin Alexanderplatz, written byAlfred Döblinin 1929, captures the Berlin of its time and was turned into movie twice. The most famous version is the 15½-hourmagnum opusof Rainer Werner Fassbinder that was broken up into 14 episodes to be shown on television.
  • Emil and the Detectives, the most famous and classic children's book set in Berlin, published byErich Kästnerin 1929. Emil, a naive country boy, visits the metropolis for the first time. On the way he is coaxed and drugged by a criminal who takes the money Emil was supposed to deliver to his grandmother. The boy is shy to contact the police, but is helped by a gang of street-savvy Berlin children who solve the case by themselves. There are several film versions of the story, made from 1931 to 2001.
  • Christiane F. – Wir Kinder vom Bahnhof Zoo(1978), biographical book about a drug-addicted child prostitute in West Berlin. It was picturised in 1981 with a soundtrack by David Bowie.
  • Run Lola Run(German:Lola rennt), a 1998 movie about a small time criminal and his girlfriend set and filmed in Berlin. The plot is about Lola trying to get 100 000 Deutsche Mark for her boyfriend within 20 minutes. It is notable for its narrative style: it tells three different versions of the same story depending on Lola's decisions. It was one of the biggest post-reunification successes of German cinema.
  • Good Bye, Lenin!(2003) set in East Berlin during the 1989/90 transition. The premise of this movie is the protagonist trying to ensure his mother, who fell into a coma shortly before the fall of the wall and awakened shortly afterwards, doesn't realise the GDR is no more. Making extensive use of typical East-Berlin scenery, among itPlattenbauhousing and Karl Marx Straße, the movie is credited with kickstarting the "Ostalgie" (nostalgia for the GDR) trend of the 2000s and early 2010s.
  • The Kangaroo Chroniclesand its sequels (2009–14) by Marc-Uwe Kling; The self-proclaimed "minor artist", who lives and works in Berlin, narrates his fictitious life with a communist kangaroo roommate; the two engage in several hijinks (often of a political bent) and often hang out in a typical BerlinEckkneipe(including stereotypical Berliner owner) philosophizing about the injustices of capitalism and how modern society induces laziness. His minor characters often speak in stereotypical Berlin dialect and his observational comedy is spot-on. Kling frequently organises and hosts poetry slams in Berlin and has in the past read texts from his Kangaroo related works there as well.
  • Victoria(2015) film about one night in Berlin, shot in a single 140-minute take without cuts. The title character, a Spanish student of music, is an expat in Berlin, waitressing in a hip café. She runs into a gang of "real Berliners" who are much less sophisticated but exhibit a rough charm. They take Victoria to hidden spots, talking about all and sundry, flirting, and exchangingen passantbits of their different life stories and philosophies. Eventually the group gets, rather inadvertently, involved in criminal activity, giving the film elements of a thriller and road movie through different parts of the city.
  • Babylon Berlin(2017–) TV hit series about crime, night life, demimonde, drugs and political conflict in the 1920s Berlin, loosely based on the crime novel series centered on detective Gereon Rath. Directed by Tom Tykwer, it is the most expensive non-anglophone TV series so far.
  • David BowieandIggy Poplived in West Berlin during the late-1970s. Bowie's albumsLow, "Heroes"andLodgerare therefore known as the "Berlin Trilogy". Among the countlessmusical tributesto Berlin are Iggy Pop'sThe Passenger(1977) and Bowie's nostalgicWhere are we now?(2013); the 1900's operetta songBerliner Luft; Hildegard Knef'sBerlin, dein Gesicht hat Sommersprossen(1966); theRauch-Haus-Song(1972) by leftist rock band Ton Steine Scherben, which became the anthem of the squatter scene and was covered by several punk bands;Wir stehn auf Berlin(1980) byNeue Deutsche Welleband Ideal; Sido's rapMein Block(2004) about life in a deprived area;Dickes B(2001) by reggae/dancehall combo Seeed andSchwarz zu blau(2009) by Seeed member Peter Fox. Most of them praise the imperfections that are characteristic of the city.

Berlin Alexanderplatz, written by Alfred Döblin in 1929, captures the Berlin of its time and was turned into movie twice. The most famous version is the 15½-hourmagnum opusof Rainer Werner Fassbinder that was broken up into 14 episodes to be shown on television.

Emil and the Detectives, the most famous and classic children's book set in Berlin, published by Erich Kästner in 1929. Emil, a naive country boy, visits the metropolis for the first time. On the way he is coaxed and drugged by a criminal who takes the money Emil was supposed to deliver to his grandmother. The boy is shy to contact the police, but is helped by a gang of street-savvy Berlin children who solve the case by themselves. There are several film versions of the story, made from 1931 to 2001.

Christiane F. – Wir Kinder vom Bahnhof Zoo(1978), biographical book about a drug-addicted child prostitute in West Berlin. It was picturised in 1981 with a soundtrack by David Bowie.

Run Lola Run(German:Lola rennt), a 1998 movie about a small time criminal and his girlfriend set and filmed in Berlin. The plot is about Lola trying to get 100 000 Deutsche Mark for her boyfriend within 20 minutes. It is notable for its narrative style: it tells three different versions of the same story depending on Lola's decisions. It was one of the biggest post-reunification successes of German cinema.

Good Bye, Lenin!(2003) set in East Berlin during the 1989/90 transition. The premise of this movie is the protagonist trying to ensure his mother, who fell into a coma shortly before the fall of the wall and awakened shortly afterwards, doesn't realise the GDR is no more. Making extensive use of typical East-Berlin scenery, among itPlattenbauhousing and Karl Marx Straße, the movie is credited with kickstarting the "Ostalgie" (nostalgia for the GDR) trend of the 2000s and early 2010s.

The Kangaroo Chroniclesand its sequels (2009–14) by Marc-Uwe Kling; The self-proclaimed "minor artist", who lives and works in Berlin, narrates his fictitious life with a communist kangaroo roommate; the two engage in several hijinks (often of a political bent) and often hang out in a typical BerlinEckkneipe(including stereotypical Berliner owner) philosophizing about the injustices of capitalism and how modern society induces laziness. His minor characters often speak in stereotypical Berlin dialect and his observational comedy is spot-on. Kling frequently organises and hosts poetry slams in Berlin and has in the past read texts from his Kangaroo related works there as well.

Victoria(2015) film about one night in Berlin, shot in a single 140-minute take without cuts. The title character, a Spanish student of music, is an expat in Berlin, waitressing in a hip café. She runs into a gang of "real Berliners" who are much less sophisticated but exhibit a rough charm. They take Victoria to hidden spots, talking about all and sundry, flirting, and exchangingen passantbits of their different life stories and philosophies. Eventually the group gets, rather inadvertently, involved in criminal activity, giving the film elements of a thriller and road movie through different parts of the city.

Babylon Berlin(2017–) TV hit series about crime, night life, demimonde, drugs and political conflict in the 1920s Berlin, loosely based on the crime novel series centered on detective Gereon Rath. Directed by Tom Tykwer, it is the most expensive non-anglophone TV series so far.

David BowieandIggy Poplived in West Berlin during the late-1970s. Bowie's albumsLow, "Heroes"andLodgerare therefore known as the "Berlin Trilogy". Among the countlessmusical tributesto Berlin are Iggy Pop'sThe Passenger(1977) and Bowie's nostalgicWhere are we now?(2013); the 1900's operetta songBerliner Luft; Hildegard Knef'sBerlin, dein Gesicht hat Sommersprossen(1966); theRauch-Haus-Song(1972) by leftist rock band Ton Steine Scherben, which became the anthem of the squatter scene and was covered by several punk bands;Wir stehn auf Berlin(1980) byNeue Deutsche Welleband Ideal; Sido's rapMein Block(2004) about life in a deprived area;Dickes B(2001) by reggae/dancehall combo Seeed andSchwarz zu blau(2009) by Seeed member Peter Fox. Most of them praise the imperfections that are characteristic of the city.

Berlin has numerous attractions dating from its turbulent history and in part owing to the fact that it was a "double capital" for 40 years. While the upkeep of some is an ongoing headache for the treasurer, they are a delight to visitors and many locals alike.

Bode Museum is part of the Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage site

Berlin has a vast array of museums. By far most of them are covered in the Mitte district guide, which, among others, covers theMuseumsinsel. (an island on the Spree covered with historic museums) and theKulturforum. (a collection of contemporary cultural institutions). You will also find a good deal of museums in the West and Steglitz-Zehlendorf area of the city, but there are larger or smaller museums in almost every district. There are museums covering everything, from art through Berlin's and Germany's history to various branches of technology and science.

Most museums charge admission for people 18 years of age or older - usually €6 to €14. Discounts (usually 50%) are available for students and disabled people with identification. Children and young people can often come in free, but do check the age restrictions in particular museums. A nice offer for museum addicts is the three-dayMuseums Passfor €29 (concessions: €14.50), which grants entrance to all the regular exhibitions of the approximately 30 state-run museums and public foundations.

Most museums are closed on Mondays - notable exceptions include thePergamon Museum, theNeues Museumand theDeutsches Historisches Museum, which are open daily.Museumsportal Berlin, a collective web initiative, offers easy access to information on all museums, memorials, castles and collections and on current and upcoming exhibitions. Some museums offer free or steeply discounted entry once a week, once a month or during certain hours of the day.This websitehas daily updates on free offers in Berlin.

Berlin has a vast array of museums. By far most of them are covered in the [[Berlin/Mitte|Mitte district guide]], which, among others, covers theMuseumsinsel. (an island on the Spree covered with historic museums) and theKulturforum. (a collection of contemporary cultural institutions). You will also find a good deal of museums in the [[Berlin/City West|West]] and [[Berlin/Steglitz-Zehlendorf|Steglitz-Zehlendorf area]] of the city, but there are larger or smaller museums in almost every district. There are museums covering everything, from art through Berlin's and Germany's history to various branches of technology and science.

Berlin has a vast array of museums. By far most of them are covered in the [[Berlin/Mitte|Mitte district guide]], which, among others, covers theMuseumsinsel. (an island on the Spree covered with historic museums) and theKulturforum. (a collection of contemporary cultural institutions). You will also find a good deal of museums in the [[Berlin/City West|West]] and [[Berlin/Steglitz-Zehlendorf|Steglitz-Zehlendorf area]] of the city, but there are larger or smaller museums in almost every district. There are museums covering everything, from art through Berlin's and Germany's history to various branches of technology and science.

A remaining section of the Berlin Wall Berlin Wall Memorial in the Bernauer StraßeWhile theBerlin Wallhas long been dismantled and much of the grounds it occupied completely redeveloped, you can still find parts of the wall preserved around Berlin. This does not refer to very small pieces of the Wall sold by the East German government immediately after its dismantling, which can be found in various cafes, restaurants and hotels not only in Berlin, but to actual preserved fragments of the Wall still standing in their original locations. For large parts of the distance the wall ran in central Berlin, pavement markers show its former location.

The iconicBrandenburg Gate. is right at the main street,Unter den Linden. One of the most often visited is theCheckpoint Charlie. at the southern border of Mitte and Kreuzberg, which is a recreated legendary border crossing within the Friedrichstraße. You cannot see the actual wall there, but this iconic (and extremely touristy) point is on almost every visitor's list. West from there, you can find a piece of the wall lining up the Niederkirchnerstraße next to theTopography of Terrormuseum in Kreuzberg. Another popular site is theEast Side Galleryalong the Spree in Friedrichshain, a very long stretch of preserved Wall with colorful graffiti. All of the aforementioned fragments were altered and are now tourist attractions rather than actual historic monuments - if you want a truly preserved section of the Wall, head over to the northern border of Mitte and Gesundbrunnen in the streetBernauer Straßeand visit theBerlin WallMemorial., with a complete section of the wall in all its gloom. A smaller section of the original wall can be seen from the S-Bahn when travelling between Nordbahnhof and Humbolthain stations.

A biking and walking trail along the formerBerlin Wall, theBerliner Mauerweg (Berlin WallTrail), is well sign-posted and provides alternating sections of historic importance and natural beauty.

The iconicBrandenburg Gate. is right at the main street,Unter den Linden. One of the most often visited is theCheckpoint Charlie. at the [[Berlin/East_Central#Kreuzberg|southern border of Mitte and Kreuzberg]], which is a recreated legendary border crossing within the Friedrichstraße. You cannot see the actual wall there, but this iconic (and extremely touristy) point is on almost every visitor's list. West from there, you can find a piece of the wall lining up the Niederkirchnerstraße next to theTopography of Terrormuseum in [[Berlin/East_Central#Kreuzberg|Kreuzberg]]. Another popular site is theEast Side Galleryalong the Spree in [[Berlin/East Central#Friedrichshain|Friedrichshain]], a very long stretch of preserved Wall with colorful graffiti. All of the aforementioned fragments were altered and are now tourist attractions rather than actual historic monuments - if you want a truly preserved section of the Wall, head over to the [[Berlin/Mitte#Oranienburger Vorstadt|northern border of Mitte and Gesundbrunnen]] in the street Bernauer Straße and visit theBerlin Wall Memorial., with a complete section of the wall in all its gloom. A smaller section of the original wall can be seen from the S-Bahn when travelling between Nordbahnhof and Humbolthain stations.

The iconicBrandenburg Gate. is right at the main street,Unter den Linden. One of the most often visited is theCheckpoint Charlie. at the [[Berlin/East_Central#Kreuzberg|southern border of Mitte and Kreuzberg]], which is a recreated legendary border crossing within the Friedrichstraße. You cannot see the actual wall there, but this iconic (and extremely touristy) point is on almost every visitor's list. West from there, you can find a piece of the wall lining up the Niederkirchnerstraße next to theTopography of Terrormuseum in [[Berlin/East_Central#Kreuzberg|Kreuzberg]]. Another popular site is theEast Side Galleryalong the Spree in [[Berlin/East Central#Friedrichshain|Friedrichshain]], a very long stretch of preserved Wall with colorful graffiti. All of the aforementioned fragments were altered and are now tourist attractions rather than actual historic monuments - if you want a truly preserved section of the Wall, head over to the [[Berlin/Mitte#Oranienburger Vorstadt|northern border of Mitte and Gesundbrunnen]] in the street Bernauer Straße and visit theBerlin Wall Memorial., with a complete section of the wall in all its gloom. A smaller section of the original wall can be seen from the S-Bahn when travelling between Nordbahnhof and Humbolthain stations.

The iconicBrandenburg Gate. is right at the main street,Unter den Linden. One of the most often visited is theCheckpoint Charlie. at the [[Berlin/East_Central#Kreuzberg|southern border of Mitte and Kreuzberg]], which is a recreated legendary border crossing within the Friedrichstraße. You cannot see the actual wall there, but this iconic (and extremely touristy) point is on almost every visitor's list. West from there, you can find a piece of the wall lining up the Niederkirchnerstraße next to theTopography of Terrormuseum in [[Berlin/East_Central#Kreuzberg|Kreuzberg]]. Another popular site is theEast Side Galleryalong the Spree in [[Berlin/East Central#Friedrichshain|Friedrichshain]], a very long stretch of preserved Wall with colorful graffiti. All of the aforementioned fragments were altered and are now tourist attractions rather than actual historic monuments - if you want a truly preserved section of the Wall, head over to the [[Berlin/Mitte#Oranienburger Vorstadt|northern border of Mitte and Gesundbrunnen]] in the street Bernauer Straße and visit theBerlin Wall Memorial., with a complete section of the wall in all its gloom. A smaller section of the original wall can be seen from the S-Bahn when travelling between Nordbahnhof and Humbolthain stations.

As Berlin is a city of art, it is quite easy to find an art gallery on your way. They provide a nice opportunity to have a look at modern artists' work in a not-so-crowded environment for free. Some gallery streets with more than about a dozen galleries are Auguststraße, Linienstraße, Torstraße, Brunnenstraße (all Mitte, north of S-Bahn stationOranienburger Straße), Zimmerstraße (Kreuzberg, U-Bahn station Kochstraße) and Fasanenstraße (Charlottenburg). You can find a list of all the exhibitions and gallery openings as well as a map onBerlin Art Grid.

The Victory ColumnBerlin has its fair share of tall buildings and, as the city is quite expansive and does not have one single centre where all tall buildings are located, you can enjoy a nice view from most of them, even ones that are not tall by global standards.

Most of the viewing points are spread out within the Berlin/Mitte district. Germany's tallest construction, theFernsehturm. (TV Tower), located on Alexanderplatz, is 368 m tall and the observation deck with bar and restaurant is at around 205 m. Nearby, you can find thePark InnHotelwith a small terrace on the 40th floor. From there you have great views of the Fernsehturm. Another viewing point in a modern building at 101 m is theKollhoff Towerat Potsdamer Platz, which also features the fastest elevator in Europe.

One of the three most important historic buildings with viewing points is theReichstagsgebäude, the building that is home to the German Parliament in Spreebogen / Regierungsviertel), with a spectacular glass dome, that offers a great view of Berlin. The entry to the dome is free, but you need tobook your place in advance. When booking a place online, please note that you will receive up tothreeemails in the process: the first contains a link to creating a list of members for your group (you must click on this link to continue the process); the second contains a notice that your request has been received but not yet confirmed; the third email is the confirmation itself which you should bring (either as a printout or on your phone) on the day of your visit along with government-issued photo ID (i.e. passports for foreigners).

The famous 67 m tall monumentSiegessäule. (Victory Column), once directly in front of the Reichstagsgebäude, but now located in the middle of theStraße des 17. Juniin Tiergarten, has a viewing platform. You can also climb on top of theBerliner Dom (Berlin Cathedral) in Berlin/Mitte on the Museumsinsel for a view of the city.

The viewing point that is located in a different district is theFunkturm (Radio Tower) in Westend. It is a 150 m tall lattice tower with open-air observation deck 124 m above ground.

The only free viewing point is the one on the Reichstagsgebäude, the others range between €3-13.

Most of the viewing points are spread out within the [[Berlin/Mitte]] district. Germany's tallest construction, theFernsehturm. (TV Tower), located on [[Berlin/Mitte#Alexanderplatz / Alt-Berlin|Alexanderplatz]], is 368 m tall and the observation deck with bar and restaurant is at around 205 m. Nearby, you can find thePark Inn Hotelwith a small terrace on the 40th floor. From there you have great views of the Fernsehturm. Another viewing point in a modern building at 101 m is theKollhoff Towerat [[Berlin/Mitte#Potsdamer Platz / Kulturforum|Potsdamer Platz]], which also features the fastest elevator in Europe.

The famous 67 m tall monumentSiegessäule. (Victory Column), once directly in front of the Reichstagsgebäude, but now located in the middle of the Straße des 17. Juni in [[Berlin/Mitte#Tiergarten|Tiergarten]], has a viewing platform. You can also climb on top of theBerliner Dom (Berlin Cathedral) in [[Berlin/Mitte]] on the Museumsinsel for a view of the city.

Berlin has two zoos and an aquarium. TheBerlin Zoo. in the west (Berlin/Mitte) is the historic zoo. It's an oasis in the city and very popular with families and schools. It has the largest range of species in the world and is famous for its pandas. TheAquarium Berlinis the largest aquarium in Germany and part of the Berlin Zoo (can be visited separately). It is near the Elephant Gate (Budapester Straße), one of the entrances to the zoo, and a traditional photo stop for most visitors because of the architecture. TheTierpark Berlinin Friedrichsfelde (Berlin/East) is more spacious than the historic Berlin Zoo and has been open for some 50 years, dating to the era of partition when authorities in the East wanted to offer their people their own zoo. The compound also includes a small château with its adjacent park.

Pick up a copy ofExberliner, the monthly English-language paper for Berlin to find out what's on, when and where. It provides high quality journalism and up-to-date listings. If you understand German, the activity planners for the city,zittyandtip, are available at every kiosk. Be prepared to choose among a huge number of options.

Public bus line 100 with double decker bus "Molecule Men" statue at Berlin Osthafen

Go on atourof Berlin. The Mitte and surrounding districts are sufficiently compact to allow a number of excellent walking tours through its history-filled streets. You'll see amazing things you would otherwise miss. Details are usually available from the reception desks of hostels and hotels.

  • Berlin Tour by public bus line 100 and 200. The 100 and 200 bus lines are just ordinary bus lines, but they pass by many of Berlin's famous landmarks. Both run every 5–10 minutes between S+U-station Zoologischer Garten and S+U-station Alexanderplatz. All BVG tickets are accepted. €2.70 (single) or €7.60 (day ticket).
  • Ticket B. Showing the city of Berlin on hand-picked architectural routes. Led by architects in German, English, French, Italian or Spanish. Tours from the water, on land or in a helicopter are offered. They arrange your special tour on contemporary architecture in Berlin with many exclusive visits to the interiors of buildings.
  • Stern und Kreisschiffahrt. By far the biggest boat company in Berlin. They offer tours on most lakes.
  • Yachtcharter Werder. Offers the possibility of a long term stay on the waterways of Berlin and the surrounding federal state Brandenburg.
  • Segway Tour Berlin. 3. Offers different Segway Sightseeing Tours in Berlin. Start nearBrandenburger Tor, for small groups up to 10 people. 75 EUR.

Berlin Tour by public bus line 100 and 200. The 100 and 200 bus lines are just ordinary bus lines, but they pass by many of Berlin's famous landmarks. Both run every 5–10 minutes between S+U-station Zoologischer Garten and S+U-station Alexanderplatz. All BVG tickets are accepted. €2.70 (single) or €7.60 (day ticket).

Ticket B. Showing the city of Berlin on hand-picked architectural routes. Led by architects in German, English, French, Italian or Spanish. Tours from the water, on land or in a helicopter are offered. They arrange your special tour on contemporary architecture in Berlin with many exclusive visits to the interiors of buildings.

Stern und Kreisschiffahrt. By far the biggest boat company in Berlin. They offer tours on most lakes.

Yachtcharter Werder. Offers the possibility of a long term stay on the waterways of Berlin and the surrounding federal state Brandenburg.

Segway Tour Berlin. 3. Offers different Segway Sightseeing Tours in Berlin. Start near Brandenburger Tor, for small groups up to 10 people. 75 EUR.

Berlin has many greatparkswhich are very popular in the summer.Green Berlinoperates some of them.

Berlin's largest park isGroßer Tiergarten(in Berlin/Mitte). In the summer and on weekends you will see loads of families with their barbecues.

There are a few notable parks in Berlin/East Central. Superb panoramic views across south Berlin can be had inViktoriaparkin Kreuzberg. You'll also find a National monument by Schinkel on top of it.Mauerparkis famous the Bearpit Karaoke taking place every second Sunday in summer, and for the large flea market. It's also a popular barbecuing spot.Görlitzer Parkhas barbecue area, a football ground and a minigolf company.

Adjacent toCharlottenburg Palacein Berlin/City West isSchlossgarten Charlottenburg. The green areas of the park are free, so you can go there to have a walk even if you are not interested in the palace.

A bit further afield with subway access in Berlin/East are theGärten der Welt (World's Garden). Inside you can find a large, well-established Chinese garden, a Korean garden, a small Bali's Garden/Glasshouse, an Oriental Garden with nice fountains and a cloister and a Japanese garden which is a project by the city partnership of Berlin and Tokyo. Best time for a visit is in spring or summer. A bit further afield in the opposite direction, in Berlin/Steglitz-Zehlendorf, is theBotanischer Gartenund Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem(Botanical Garden andBotanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem).

The largeTreptower Parkin Berlin/Treptow-Köpenick next to the Spree is nice and clean. It's famous for the Insel der Jugend (Isle of Youth) and its numerous boat rentals and boat trips.

Berlin also has quite a fewlakes and beachessuitable for swimming. They quite often have one paid area with facilities, and frequent unmanaged places with free access. Some have designated areas for nude bathing (FKK).Wannseein Berlin/Steglitz-Zehlendorf is called Berlin's "bath tub". TheStrandbad Wannseeis the most famous bathing area for locals. Take the S-Bahn lines S1 or S7 to the station Nikolassee and follow the crowd! In the southeast of Berlin in Berlin/Treptow-Köpenick, you'll find theMüggelseewhich is a popular swimming spot.

French Dome at the festival of lights

  • Ultraschall Berlin - Festival für neue Musik. In January. An annual festival begun in 1999 that is dedicated to new music featuring both world premieres and music by recent composers. Concerts take place in different venues across the city and are performed by small ensembles up to big orchestras.
  • Berlinale – Berlin Film Festival. In February. The city's largest cultural event and an important fixture in the global film industry's calendar (up there with Cannes). 250,000 tickets sold, 400 different films screened and a host of associated parties and events every year. In contrast to Cannes, all screenings at the Berlinale are open to the public. Tickets are inexpensive and relatively easy to get for the "International Forum of Young Film" screenings and the "Berlinale Panorama" (movies which are not in the competition).
  • MaerzMusik. In March. A festival with contemporary music and performances on issues of our time, organised by Berliner Festspiele.
  • Open Air Gallery Oberbaumbrücke, Oberbaumbrücke between Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain (in Berlin/East Central, just under the bridge Oberbaum. June: 10:00-22:00. Artists are selling their works, amateur tango dancers are giving public performances and you can contribute to a collaborative painting on a very long canvas spread on the street along the festival. Free.
  • Fête de la Musique. June 21 every year. All kinds of music around the city on this day coordinating with a similar day in most French cities.
  • Young Euro Classic. In August. A music festival established in 2000 that features youth orchestras from around the world. The concerts take place in theKonzerthaus Berlinon Gendarmenmarkt. The festival usually runs for around 2 weeks. Concerts often feature world premieres.
  • Lange Nachtder Museen, +49 30 24749888. End of August. A large cultural event with many museums (around 80) open until 02:00 and extra events around the city. Adults €18, concessions €12, under 12 free. Ticket includes unlimited use of the shuttle bus service and public transportation (BVG and S-Bahn). If you buy in advance the tickets are cheaper.
  • Doors Open Day of the Federal Government. Last weekend in August. For one weekend, the federal government organises doors open days where most of the Federal Ministries and other governmental institutions can be accessed. Parts of theGerman Chancelleryare also accessible, where the current chancellor will usually show up. Free transport between the locations is provided. There are security checks and they advise to avoid bringing larger objects (such as suitcases). Bring an official ID with you. Free.
  • Musikfest Berlin. End of August. A large classical music festival marking the beginning of the season. For about 2 weeks there are concerts in many of Berlin's music venues. Renowned international and German orchestras perform. Organised byBerliner Festspiele.
  • Festival of Lights, +49 30 25489244. In October. A 10-day long festival, where famous buildings in Berlin are illuminated in a special way. Free.

Ultraschall Berlin - Festival für neue Musik. In January. An annual festival begun in 1999 that is dedicated to new music featuring both world premieres and music by recent composers. Concerts take place in different venues across the city and are performed by small ensembles up to big orchestras.

Berlinale – Berlin Film Festival. In February. The city's largest cultural event and an important fixture in the global film industry's calendar (up there with Cannes). 250,000 tickets sold, 400 different films screened and a host of associated parties and events every year. In contrast to Cannes, all screenings at the Berlinale are open to the public. Tickets are inexpensive and relatively easy to get for the "International Forum of Young Film" screenings and the "Berlinale Panorama" (movies which are not in the competition).

MaerzMusik. In March. A festival with contemporary music and performances on issues of our time, organised by Berliner Festspiele.

Open Air Gallery Oberbaumbrücke, Oberbaumbrücke between Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain (in Berlin/East Central, just under the bridge Oberbaum. June: 10:00-22:00. Artists are selling their works, amateur tango dancers are giving public performances and you can contribute to a collaborative painting on a very long canvas spread on the street along the festival. Free.

Fête de la Musique. June 21 every year. All kinds of music around the city on this day coordinating with a similar day in most French cities.

Young Euro Classic. In August. A music festival established in 2000 that features youth orchestras from around the world. The concerts take place in the Konzerthaus Berlin on Gendarmenmarkt. The festival usually runs for around 2 weeks. Concerts often feature world premieres.

Lange Nacht der Museen, +49 30 24749888. End of August. A large cultural event with many museums (around 80) open until 02:00 and extra events around the city. Adults €18, concessions €12, under 12 free. Ticket includes unlimited use of the shuttle bus service and public transportation (BVG and S-Bahn). If you buy in advance the tickets are cheaper.

Doors Open Day of the Federal Government. Last weekend in August. For one weekend, the federal government organises doors open days where most of the Federal Ministries and other governmental institutions can be accessed. Parts of the German Chancellery are also accessible, where the current chancellor will usually show up. Free transport between the locations is provided. There are security checks and they advise to avoid bringing larger objects (such as suitcases). Bring an official ID with you. Free.

Musikfest Berlin. End of August. A large classical music festival marking the beginning of the season. For about 2 weeks there are concerts in many of Berlin's music venues. Renowned international and German orchestras perform. Organised byBerliner Festspiele.

Festival of Lights, +49 30 25489244. In October. A 10-day long festival, where famous buildings in Berlin are illuminated in a special way. Free.

  • Karneval. In late February or early March. As a lot of people in Berlin originally came from the southern or western area of Germany whereFasching, FastnachtorKarnevalis celebrated, a carnival parade was also established in Berlin. It grew bigger and bigger (about 500,000 to 1 million people watching), but the costumes and cars are rather boring and the people are not as dressed up as in the "original" big carnival parades (Cologne, Mainz, Düsseldorf). Since 2007 the traditional route across Kurfürstendamm was chosen. People from Berlin themselves don't care a bit about Karneval; this is mostly an event for people coming from the regions of Germany that have a Karneval. In fact, most Berliners will be laughing at you if you mention that you went to Karneval, so beware that this is not a Berlin tradition, but a recent (post-1990) institution.
  • Karneval der Kulturen. In May or June (on Whit Sunday). The idea of the "Carnival of Cultures" is a parade of the various ethnic groups of the city showing traditional music, costumes and dances. Other more modern, alternative and political groups also participate. Similar events are also held inHamburgandFrankfurt.
  • Christopher Street Day. Late July. Berlin's gay pride. A well-known annual political demonstration for the rights of the gay culture organised in all major German cities. Even if you are indifferent about the issue, the Christopher Street Day is usually a worthwhile sight as many participants show up in wild costumes.
  • Fuckparade. In August. The Fuckparade (Hateparade in the early days) started as an antiparade or demonstration against the commercialised Love Parade, and was first on the same date as the Love Parade but later the date was shifted. The Fuckparade is a political demonstration, with political speeches at the beginning and the end and the parade with music between. The general motto of the Fuckparade is "against the destruction of the club scene". The music is quite different than at the Love Parade: mostly independent/alternative/extreme electronic music.
  • Hanf Parade. In August. The Hanfparade is the biggest European political demonstration for the legalization of hemp for use in agriculture and as a stimulant. Conflicts with police have been known to occur and consuming any form of Cannabis at this demonstration is not a good idea as the policewillcontrol people if only to show that they can.

Karneval. In late February or early March. As a lot of people in Berlin originally came from the southern or western area of Germany whereFasching, FastnachtorKarnevalis celebrated, a carnival parade was also established in Berlin. It grew bigger and bigger (about 500,000 to 1 million people watching), but the costumes and cars are rather boring and the people are not as dressed up as in the "original" big carnival parades ([[Cologne]], [[Mainz]], [[Düsseldorf]]). Since 2007 the traditional route across Kurfürstendamm was chosen. People from Berlin themselves don't care a bit about Karneval; this is mostly an event for people coming from the regions of Germany that have a Karneval. In fact, most Berliners will be laughing at you if you mention that you went to Karneval, so beware that this is not a Berlin tradition, but a recent (post-1990) institution.

Karneval der Kulturen. In May or June (on Whit Sunday). The idea of the "Carnival of Cultures" is a parade of the various ethnic groups of the city showing traditional music, costumes and dances. Other more modern, alternative and political groups also participate. Similar events are also held in [[Hamburg]] and [[Frankfurt]].

Christopher Street Day. Late July. Berlin's gay pride. A well-known annual political demonstration for the rights of the gay culture organised in all major German cities. Even if you are indifferent about the issue, the Christopher Street Day is usually a worthwhile sight as many participants show up in wild costumes.

Fuckparade. In August. The Fuckparade (Hateparade in the early days) started as an antiparade or demonstration against the commercialised Love Parade, and was first on the same date as the Love Parade but later the date was shifted. The Fuckparade is a political demonstration, with political speeches at the beginning and the end and the parade with music between. The general motto of the Fuckparade is "against the destruction of the club scene". The music is quite different than at the Love Parade: mostly independent/alternative/extreme electronic music.

Hanf Parade. In August. The Hanfparade is the biggest European political demonstration for the legalization of hemp for use in agriculture and as a stimulant. Conflicts with police have been known to occur and consuming any form of Cannabis at this demonstration is not a good idea as the policewillcontrol people if only to show that they can.

Konzerthaus Berlin on the GendarmenmarktBerlin is arguably the live cultural centre of Germany. A comprehensive platform that lists cultural events is offered byBerlin Bühnenon behalf of about 80 venues. Berlin's notable cultural institutions for performed arts, both classical and modern, can mostly be found in Mitte and City West. Even if you aren't going to see a play or concert, many the venues are architectonically impressive and as such attractions in themselves.

On thetheatreside, the "grand old" title might go toDeutsches Theater, a classical theatre with an impressive line up of actors and directors. Overall, however, famous theatres in Berlin tend to have a more modern character. These include theBerliner Ensemble, theMaxim Gorki Theater, the sometimes controversialVolksbühne amRosa LuxemburgPlatz, theSchaubühne am Lehniner Platzas well as theTheater am Kurfürstendammwith TV celebrities in modern plays. The city also has anEnglish theatrein East Central Berlin, if you prefer performances in English. Some theatre venues are known for their musicals: the historicalTheater des Westens, theTheater am Potsdamer Platz, and theFriedrichstadt-Palast, the latter which is presents Berlin's biggest show with over 100 artists on the biggest theatre stage in the world.

Fans ofoperahave several places to choose from. The main classical opera houses areDeutsche Oper, andStaatsoperUnter den Lindenwhose impressive building and royal history make the building alone worth a visit. For more modern operas, head toKomische Oper Berlin, Schiller TheaterorNeuköllner Oper, voted several times best off-opera house and known for its modern and contemporary pieces. Mostly in German as usually relating to developments in Germany, and very creative and innovative.

Berliner Philharmonikeris a large concert hall designed byHans Scharounand home of theBerlin Philharmonic Orchestra. Famous building and outstanding musicians. Reservations are recommended, but cheaper tickets are usually available 2–4 hr before the concert if not sold out. Every Tuesday (September to June) 13:00-14:00 free lunch concert; come early. In the winter, late-night concerts (22:30 or 23:00) are a bargain and often have more avant-garde or unconventional formats. The adjacentKammermusiksaal(Chamber Music Hall) was added later and hosts smaller concerts. Other places to enjoy classical music includeKonzerthaus BerlinandHochschule für Musik Hanns Eisler(HfM). The HfM (Berlin Academy of Music) offers many concerts by their students and other professional musicians, most of them are free.

There are about a hundred cinemas in Berlin, although most of them only show movies dubbed in German, without subtitles. Listed below are some of the more important cinemas also showing movies in the original language (look for the OmU - "original with subtitles" - notation). Most movies which are dubbed into German are released a bit later in Germany. Tickets are normally €5-7. Monday to Wednesday are special cinema days with reduced admission.

There are three notable cinemas in Kreuzberg in Berlin/East Central within close proximity.Babylon Kreuzberg, a small cinema built in the 1950s, which shows non-mainstream movies.Kino Moviementowhich is the oldest cinema in Germany (1907). AndEiszeit. In Berlin/Mitte nearHackesche Höfethere isKino Central, a repertory cinema located in an ex-squat, andFilmtheaterHackesche Höfeshowing a very broad range of movies.Kant Kinoin Berlin/City West is one of the few old cinemas (founded 1912) left in Berlin's western city. It shows mostly non-mainstream European movies.

The mainstream cinema,CineStar Original, shows only movies in original version (e.g. in English, without subtitles); andCineStar IMAXis a 3D cinema with special laser and sound technology. IMAX films are usually available in English. Both cinemas are located in theSony CenteratPotsdamer Platzin Berlin/Mitte.

In Berlin, nearly all sports are on offer; some speculate that the lukewarm support Hertha enjoys even in times of success is due to the huge offer of other sports (similar to howLos Angelesfailed to maintain an NFL team due to the diverse cultural offerings):

  • Watch association footballi.e. soccer. Berlin has two professional teams, both in Bundesliga, the top tier of association football in Germany.
    Herta BSCis the best known: they play at Olympia stadium in Charlottenburg west of the centre. The stadium itself is worth seeing - it hosted the 2006 Fifa world cup final and the infamous 1936 Olympics.
    Union Berlin:their home stadium is in Köpenick southeast of the centre.
    There are no city teams in the 2nd or 3rd tier of Bundesliga, but several at lower levels: theBerlin FAlists them all.
  • Berlin Handball has had a hard time competing with the north German powerhouses but these days theFüchse Berlinfrom Reinickendorf who play their home games in Max Schmeling Halle are a force to be reckoned with.
  • Basketball. Alba Berlin, known as The Albatross are consistently the best basketball team in Germany, and one of the best in Europe. With fans crazier than most in the NBA, Albatross games at the o2 World arena are an exciting way to take in one of the world's greatest sports.
  • Public swimming pools. Can be found around the city. Check out BBB for pool listings and opening times.
  • Sailing, on one of the many lakes is also popular. You can find sailing clubs and most universities have ships as well.
  • Golf. You can find golf clubs all around Berlin, although for non-members Motzen has one of the best.
  • Ice hockey. The Berlin Eisbären (Polar Bears) play this fast, exciting and very physical sport during the winter. The excitement is heightened by the singing and chanting of the crowds, who are fueled by the copious quantities of wurst and beer available.
  • Floorball, is booming faster than ever before in the German capital. A sum of teams defines the cascade of the local floorball scene, whereas the decorated Bundesliga site of BAT Berlin probably embodies the most prominent one.
  • American Football. After the closing of NFL Europe and the related end of Berlin Thunder (triple winner of the World Bowl), theBerlin Adler(Eagles) have historically been Berlin’s No. 1 team playing in the German Football League (until 2017) they are one of the oldest and most storied teams in Germany being a founding member of the first American Football season in 1979 but have entered something of a slump, often falling to their crosstown rivals. Apart from the "Berlin-Derby" a highlight of the season is the match against the Dresden Monarchs as the two teams share an intense and storied rivalry. TheBerlin Rebels(in 2018) have somewhat overtaken them in on-field success playing in the first division German Football League. The 2017 season saw the Adler lose the promotion/relegation round against a team from Potsdam so 2018 will see the Rebels and Potsdam but no Adler in the GFL1. American Football in Germany is a very relaxed and family friendly affair and you can definitely show up in any NFL, German or no Football gear at all and have a chat with fans of either side.
  • Australian Football. The Berlin Crocodiles host regular matches in the summer.

Watch association footballi.e. soccer. Berlin has two professional teams, both in Bundesliga, the top tier of association football in Germany.

Herta BSCis the best known: they play at Olympia stadium in [[Berlin/City West | Charlottenburg]] west of the centre. The stadium itself is worth seeing - it hosted the 2006 Fifa world cup final and the infamous 1936 Olympics.
Union Berlin:their home stadium is in [[Berlin/Treptow-Köpenick|Köpenick]] southeast of the centre.
There are no city teams in the 2nd or 3rd tier of Bundesliga, but several at lower levels: theBerlin FAlists them all.

Basketball. Alba Berlin, known as The Albatross are consistently the best basketball team in Germany, and one of the best in Europe. With fans crazier than most in the NBA, Albatross games at the o2 World arena are an exciting way to take in one of the world's greatest sports.

Public swimming pools. Can be found around the city. Check out BBB for pool listings and opening times.

Sailing, on one of the many lakes is also popular. You can find sailing clubs and most universities have ships as well.

Golf. You can find golf clubs all around Berlin, although for non-members Motzen has one of the best.

Ice hockey. The Berlin Eisbären (Polar Bears) play this fast, exciting and very physical sport during the winter. The excitement is heightened by the singing and chanting of the crowds, who are fueled by the copious quantities of wurst and beer available.

Floorball, is booming faster than ever before in the German capital. A sum of teams defines the cascade of the local floorball scene, whereas the decorated Bundesliga site of BAT Berlin probably embodies the most prominent one.

[[American Football]]. After the closing of NFL Europe and the related end of Berlin Thunder (triple winner of the World Bowl), theBerlin Adler(Eagles) have historically been Berlin’s No. 1 team playing in the German Football League (until 2017) they are one of the oldest and most storied teams in Germany being a founding member of the first American Football season in 1979 but have entered something of a slump, often falling to their crosstown rivals. Apart from the "Berlin-Derby" a highlight of the season is the match against the Dresden Monarchs as the two teams share an intense and storied rivalry. TheBerlin Rebels(in 2018) have somewhat overtaken them in on-field success playing in the first division German Football League. The 2017 season saw the Adler lose the promotion/relegation round against a team from Potsdam so 2018 will see the Rebels and Potsdam but no Adler in the GFL1. American Football in Germany is a very relaxed and family friendly affair and you can definitely show up in any NFL, German or no Football gear at all and have a chat with fans of either side.

Australian Football. The Berlin Crocodiles host regular matches in the summer.

Breitscheidplatz (between Ku'damm and Tauentzienstraße) in wintertime The famous Ku'Damm Galeries Lafayette, Friedrichstraße

The main shopping areas are:

  • Ku'Dammand its extensionTauentzienstraßein Berlin/City West remain the main shopping streets even now that the Wall has come down.KaDeWe (Kaufhaus des Westens)at Wittenbergplatz is a must visit just for the vast food department on the 6th floor. It's reputedly the biggest department store in Continental Europe and still has an old world charm, with very helpful and friendly staff.
  • Schloßstraßein Steglitz (Berlin/Steglitz-Zehlendorf) with the shopping centre Schloss-Straßen-Center,Forum Steglitz, Karstadt,Boulevard Berlin, Naturkaufhaus andDas Schloss, between the subway stations U9 Walther-Schreiber-Platz and U9+S1Rathaus Steglitz.
  • Friedrichstraßein Berlin/Mitte is the upmarket shopping street in former East Berlin withGaleries Lafayetteand the other Quartiers (204 to 207) as main areas to be impressed with wealthy shoppers.
  • Alexanderplatzin Berlin/Mitte. The renovatedGaleria Kaufhofdepartment store is worth a visit. For alternative souvenirs go toausberlin.

The main shopping area for the alternative, but still wealthy crowd is north ofHackescher Marktin Berlin/Mitte, especially around theHackesche Höfe.

For some more affordable but still very fashionable shopping there isPrenzlauer Berg, Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain in Berlin/East Central with a lot of young designers opening shops, but also lots of record stores and design shops. Constant change makes it hard to recommend a place, but the area around stationEberswalder StraßeinPrenzlauer Berg, around Bergmannstraße and Oranienstraße in Kreuzberg and aroundBoxhagener Platzin Friedrichshain are always great when it comes to shopping.

For souvenirs, have a look just in front of the Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtniskirche (Berlin/City West); these shops sell almost the same items as others, but are cheaper. However, not all members of staff speak English. You can also get cheap postcards there (from €0.30 while the average price for normal postcard is €0.50-0.80).

Ku'Dammand its extensionTauentzienstraßein [[Berlin/City West]] remain the main shopping streets even now that the Wall has come down.KaDeWe (Kaufhaus des Westens)at Wittenbergplatz is a must visit just for the vast food department on the 6th floor. It's reputedly the biggest department store in Continental Europe and still has an old world charm, with very helpful and friendly staff.

Schloßstraßein Steglitz ([[Berlin/Steglitz-Zehlendorf]]) with the shopping centre Schloss-Straßen-Center, Forum Steglitz, Karstadt, Boulevard Berlin, Naturkaufhaus and Das Schloss, between the subway stations U9 Walther-Schreiber-Platz and U9+S1 Rathaus Steglitz.

Friedrichstraßein [[Berlin/Mitte]] is the upmarket shopping street in former East Berlin withGaleries Lafayetteand the other Quartiers (204 to 207) as main areas to be impressed with wealthy shoppers.

Alexanderplatzin [[Berlin/Mitte]]. The renovatedGaleria Kaufhofdepartment store is worth a visit. For alternative souvenirs go toausberlin.

There are fourmarket hallsselling fresh produce and ready-to-eat food.Marheinecke MarkthalleandMarkthalle Neunare both in Kreuzberg (Berlin/East Central),Arminiusmarkthalleis in Moabit (Berlin/City West), andMarkthalle Tegelis in Tegel (Berlin/Reinickendorf and Spandau).

You can find dozens offlea marketswith different themes in Berlin (mostly on weekends), but worth checking out is the big one atStraße des 17. Juni (between Ernst-Reuter-Haus and S-Bahn: Tiergarten). Two other flea markets are atMauerparkinPrenzlauer Berg(Berlin/East Central) and atArkonaplatz(Berlin/Mitte), which is close to Mauerpark. Both are on Sundays, so you can combine visiting them.

Shopping hours are theoretically unlimited on weekdays. Nevertheless, many of the smaller shops still close at 20:00. Most of the bigger stores and nearly all of the malls are open until 21:00 or 22:00 from Thursday to Saturday.

Sunday opening is still limited to about a dozen weekends per year, although some supermarkets in train stations (Hauptbahnhof, Bahnhof Zoologischer Garten (under the S-Bahn bridge), Friedrichstraße,Innsbrucker Platz(U4 in the underground) and Ostbahnhof) are open on Sundays.

Many bakeries and small food stores (calledSpätkaufor colloquially "Späti") are open late at night and on Sundays in more gentrified neighbourhoods (especiallyPrenzlauer Berg, Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain). Stores inside the Hauptbahnhof (central station) have long working hours (usually until about 22:00-23:00), also on Sundays.

Although credit card and VISA/Mastercard-branded debit card acceptance is becoming more common, many stores still take only cash. Most places in tourist zones will accept credit cards, but it is still a good idea to ask in advance if you intend to pay with one. Many restaurants require a minimum check amount, sometimes in excess of €30.

For Americans, Germany uses the chip-and-pin system so you may have trouble at places like unattended gas stations and automated ticket machines. Often, a cashier will be able to swipe the magnetic strip, but don't be surprised if someone refuses your credit card because it doesn't have a chip. If possible, contact your card issuer before leaving home to see if they can replace your existing card with one that has a chip.

Lovers ofstreet foodrejoice! Berlin has an incredibly wide variety of different styles and tastes at very affordable prices (for European wallets, that is). You can find superb food in small stalls tucked away under the tracks of elevated U-Bahn stretches for well under five euros.

Berlin CurrywurstA staple in Berlin iscurrywurst. It's a bratwurst covered in ketchup and curry powder. You can find them all over Berlin by street vendors. It's a must try when in Berlin. Two renowned currywurst stands are "Konnopke's Imbiss" belowEberswalder StraßeU-Bahn station on line 2 and "Curry 36" opposite the Mehringdamm U-Bahn station in Kreuzberg (only two stops south ofCheckpoint Charlie). Both of these offer far friendlier service than many of Berlin's more upmarket eateries.

Another famous thing to eat in Berlin isdöner, a flat bread filled with lamb or chicken meat and vegetables, available at many Turkish stands.

Berlin may seem like carnivore heaven, butvegetariansandveganscan eat quite well. Berliners are generally environmentally conscious, and that extends to their food; most of the inner neighbourhoods have a handful of good healthy vegetarian or vegan restaurants using local ingredients, though they tend to be more expensive than the ubiquitous kebab and sausage stands. If you're a vegetarian on a limited budget, many kebab restaurants have a good selection of roasted vegetables and salads, and you can usually getfalafels(fried chickpea balls, suitable for vegans) andhalloumi(a type of dense cheese) in place of meat.

Eating out in Berlin is incrediblyinexpensivecompared to any other Western European capital or other German cities. The city is multicultural and many cultures' cuisines are represented here somewhere, although they are often modified to suit German tastes.

All prices must include VAT by law. Only upmarket restaurants may ask for a furtherservice surcharge. It is best to ask if credit cards are accepted before you sit down—it's not that common to accept credit cards and cash is preferred. Most likely to be accepted are Visa and MasterCard; all other cards will only be accepted in some upmarket restaurants. European debit cards are not always accepted because due to debit card fraud, some processing companies stopped intra-European cards from specific countries. This does not apply to debit cards that are from German banks. Better have cash or ask the restaurant staff.

Restaurants between Nollendorfplatz and Winterfeldplatz in Schöneberg

One of the main tourist areas for eating out isHackescher Markt/Oranienburger Straße. This area has dramatically changed during the years: once full of squats and not-entirely-legal bars and restaurants, it had some real character. It is rapidly being developed and corporatised, and even the most famous squat - the former Jewish-owned proto-shopping mall "Tacheles" - has had a bit of a facelift. There are still some gems in the side streets, though, The "Assel" (Woodlouse) onOranienburger Straße, furnished with DDR-era furniture, is still relatively authentic and worth a visit, especially on a warm summer night.Oranienburger Straßeis also an area where prostitutes line up at night, but don't be put off by this. The area is actually very safe since several administrative and religious buildings are located here.

For cheap and good food (especially from Turkey and the Middle East) you should tryKreuzbergandNeuköllnwith their abundance of Indian, pizza andDöner Kebaprestaurants. Prices start from €2 for a kebab or Turkish pizza (different from the original Italian recipe and ingredients). If you are looking for a quick meal you could try getting off atGörlitzer BahnhoforSchlesisches Toron the U1 line - the area is filled with inexpensive, quality restaurants.

Kastanienalleeis a good choice too - but again not what it used to be since the developers moved in (much less exploited thanHackescher Markt, though). It's a popular area with artists and students and has a certain Bohemian charm. Try Imbiss W, at the corner of Zionskirchstraße and Kastanienallee, where they serve superb Indian fusion food, mostly vegetarian, at the hands of artist-chef Gordon W. Further. Up the street is the Prater Garten, Berlin's oldest beer garden and an excellent place in the summer.

All restaurant information is in the corresponding borough articles of

  • Kreuzberg & Friedrichshain – Young and independent student area with a big Turkish community in Kreuzberg, slowly but surely gentrifying.
  • City West – Heart of West Berlin with good quality restaurants.
  • Mitte – Political and new centre of East Berlin with upmarket restaurants.
  • Schöneberg – City slickers and street cafe atmosphere.
  • Prenzlauer Berg – Buzzing Prenzlberg and its lively student scene.

Except at very high-end restaurants,nobody will seat you. If you see an open table, just sit down. You may need to go get a menu yourself from another table or a pile near the cash register. If you sit outside, expect slightly slower service.

As in most European countries, you need to tell the waiter when you want to pay and leave. The waiter will come to you usually with a money purse, and the custom in Germany is to tell the waiter how much you’re paying (including the tip) when you receive the bill — don’t leave the money on the table. If there is confusion with the tip, remember to ask for your change,Wechselgeld(money back).

Add a 5-10% tip (or round up to the next Euro) to the bill if you are satisfied with the service. If you received shoddy service or are otherwise unsatisfied it is perfectly acceptable to not tip at all - waiters and waitresses have the same €8.85 an hour minimum wage any other job has, so they don't depend on tips as the biggest part of their salary like in the US.

It is very common to go out for breakfast or brunch (long breakfast and lunch, all you can eat buffet, usually from 10:00-16:00, for €4-12 - sometimes including coffee, tea or juice). See the district pages of Berlin/City West#Breakfast & Berlin/East Central#Eat.

The club scene in Berlin is one of the biggest and most progressive in Europe. Even though there are some 200 clubs in the city, it's sometimes difficult to find the right club for you since the best ones are a bit off the beaten track and most bouncers will keep bigger tourist groups (especially males) out. If you want to go clubbing, you will almost always have to pay an entrance fee. However, entrance is cheap compared to other big European cities, normally €5-15 (usually no drink included).

The main clubbing districts are in the east: Mitte (especially north ofHackescher Marktand - a bit hidden - around Alexanderplatz), Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg (aroundSchlesisches Tor) andPrenzlauer Berg(around station Eberswalder Str.). Some mainstream clubs are located in Charlottenburg and atPotsdamer Platz. Electro and techno are still the biggest in Berlin, with lots of progressive DJs and live acts around. But there are also many clubs playing '60s beat, alternative rock and of course mainstream music. Clubbing days are Thursday, Friday and especially Saturday, but some clubs are open every day of the week. Partying in Berlin starts around midnight (weekends) and peaks around 2AM or 3AM in the normal clubs, a bit later in many electro/techno clubs. Berlin is famous for its long and decadent after hours, going on until Monday evening.

A good overview about what's going on close to the place you are staying is brought to you byjoinjack.de. This website shows you parties directly on a map. Be sure to check Resident Advisor for the best parties before you go out.

Berliners -especially young Berliners- love cocktails. People like to meet their friends at a cocktail bar before going clubbing.Prenzlauer Berg(Around U-Bahnhof Eberswalder Str. , Helmholtzplatz,Oderberger Straße& Kastanienallee), Kreuzberg (Bergmannstraße, Oranienstraße and the area aroundGörlitzer Parkand U-BahnhofSchlesisches Tor), Schöneberg (Goltzstraße, Nollendorfplatz, Motzstraße for gays), and Friedrichshain (Simon-Dach-Straße and aroundBoxhagener Platz) are the main areas.

Some bars charge a small refundable deposit for glasses - you are given a token with your drink to return (with your glass) to the bar.

AtWarschauer Straße(which you can reach via S-Bahn and U-Bahn stationWarschauer Straße) and more specificallySimon-Dach-Straßeand aroundBoxhagener Platzyou can find a wide variety of bars. It is common for locals to meet atWarschauerto go to a bar there. Also Ostkreuz ("Eastcross") andFrankfurter Alleeare well known meeting points. Especially to visit the alternative ("underground-/left-szene") locations in houseprojects (so called squats), like theSupamollyat Jessnerstreet (Traveplatz), theScharni38(Scharnweberstreet) and so on, or famous alternative clubs on theRevaler Straße, like theR.A.W.or theLoveliteon Simplonstraße.

There are lots ofIrish barsall over the city, as there are in all European cities. If you like off-the-shelf Irish bars or watching football in English then you won't be disappointed, but in a city with new cool bars opening pretty much daily and a huge range from which to choose, you'll find that these cater mostly to the Irish construction workers and Germans attracted by Irish music, which is often played in them. The Irish pub in theEuropa Centerat Tauentzienstraße is famous. Located in the basement of a skyscraper, you will find a big Irish pub and a rowdy crowd on the weekend. It also claims to have the longest bar in all of Berlin!

There aren't as many illegal bars as there were in the 1990s but bars open and close faster than you can keep up - check out the bar and cocktail guides in the bi-weekly magazinesTiporZitty.For recommended bars, have a look at the district pages.

There are well over 1000 rock concerts a year in Berlin. You can find concerts in the big known locations but there are also many interesting little venues. You can find a good overview of the current concerts on theMa Baker concert pageEvery day the concerts are updated and displayed there.

A Brauhaus(brewery) brews and sells its own beer on the premises. There is usually a public viewing area onto the brewery. TryGaffel Haus, Brauhaus Georgbraeu, Brauhaus Mitte, Brauhaus SpandauandBrauhaus Lemke.

Cafe Einsteinis one particular example of a home grown coffee chain which has nice staff, great coffee and is fairly priced. In particular, the Einstein onUnter den Lindenis as far from "junk coffee" as it's possible to be.

If you want to get some tap water, ask for "Leitungswasser" (if you just say "water" (Wasser), you will receive mineral water. ) This is common if you drink coffee. They should not charge you for it but you should order another drink as well.

Kiosks (off licences) can be found all over the city and sell bottled beers and other drinks. A kiosk will generally have a bottle opener on the counter and it is permitted to drink alcohol in the street. A refundable deposit of 8 to 25 cents per container (Pfand) is charged on plastic and glass bottles.

You can find internet cafes and telephone shops all around Berlin. Do a bit of research with the telephone shops because most focus on a particular region in the world. Many bars, restaurants and cafes offer their guests free wi-fi. Customers of the ubiquitous Einstein Coffee get 30 minutes of free wifi. Metro (U-Bahn) stations offer free wi-fi to everybody:BVG Wi-Fi.

The mobile network (3G/GPRS/GSM) covers the whole city. If you are coming from a non-GSM country (e.g. the United States) check your mobile phone for GSM compatibility. The GSM iPhone, which works with AT&T and T-Mobile in the U.S., works perfectly in Berlin.

A free wireless network covers parts of Berlin, but requires special software on your computer. More information including maps of Berlin with coverage is availableonline.

Berlin might be a safe place, but it is a huge city, and as such has some not-so-well maintained areas. No specific rules apply with the exception of public transportation and tourist areas wherepickpocketsare a problem. Watch your bags during rush hours, at larger train stations (with the central, Warschauer, and Revaler stations being notoriously sketchy at night).

The police in Berlin are competent, not corrupt; therefore, if you try to bribe them you are likely to spend at least a night behind bars to check your background. They are generally helpful to tourists. Most of the officers are able to speak English, so don't hesitate to approach them if you are frightened or lost. Police are generally more relaxed than in more conservative places likeMunichand do not necessarily engage in a "zero tolerance" policy (but even then blatantly smoking a joint in front of police will land you in trouble even in Berlin). In general police will focus on crime and traffic safety rather than petty misdemeanors or drunken tourists unless things get out of hand.

The nationwide emergency numbers are

  • Medical emergencies and Fires, 112.
  • Police emergency number, 110. Since the 1980s, there have beenlocalised riotson Labour Day (May 1). In general they take place in Kreuzberg around Oranienstraße/Mariannenplatz. Nowadays they usually start the night before May 1, especially in the Mauerpark (Prenzlauer Berg), atBoxhagener Platzand in Rigaer Str. (Friedrichshain) and start again in the evening of May 1 in Kreuzberg and in the mentioned areas. The violent riots have become rather small since 2005 due to the engagement of the citizens who celebrate the Labour Day with a nice "myfest" in Kreuzberg and well-planned police efforts. It is still better to stay out of these areas from 20:00 until sunrise. Vehicles should not be parked in these area as this is asking for damage!

Racially-motivated violenceis rare but the risk is higher on the outskirts of East Berlin. It is recommended for non-Caucasian tourists to be attentive in areas such as Lichtenberg, Hellersdorf, Marzahn, Treptow and Köpenick in the evening/night especially if alone.

In the bordering neighbourhood of the districts Neukölln and Kreuzberg (between Hermannplatz, Schönleinstraße toKottbusser Tor) and Wedding (Moabit and Gesundbrunnen) the risk of falling victim to robberies and assaults is higher. Tourists should visit these areas with some caution during the night as a mixture of drunken party people and poor neighbourhoods might lead to trouble.

National media and conservative politicians like to make a huge story out of certain well known drug dealing hot spots. Areas such asGörlitzer Parkare well known for all sorts of illicit substances being on offer, but if you don't sell or buy this shouldn't preoccupy you. Despite media portrayals to the contrary, policedofrequently raid those places and try to catch drug dealers, but only a small handful are usually caught as they have developed certain measures to evade capture. Organized criminality does exist, but in general they try to focus on less violent activity in Germany and hardly ever target outsiders.

Although harmless, panhandlers have started to beg at local tourist spots such asPariser Platznext to theBrandenburg Gate, Alexanderplatz and the Museuminsel. They are usually women accompanied by their daughters who ask if you speak English and say that they are from the new EU countries and trying to raise money to fly home. The story is false, so don't give them money, which would encourage further exploitation of the women and their kids. They also have a new tactic where they hand you a card telling their "story" and asking for money; beware that the children that they carry in their arms will search through your bags while you are reading the card. The best way to avoid this is simply to ignore them and not to respond when they ask you "Speak English?" If you feel scared, don't hesitate to contact the police, as they will help.

Prostitution is a legal business in Germany. Berlin has no major red-light district though some big brothels have been built. Berlin has no restricted areas for prostitutes (called a "Sperrbezirk" in German) so the "apartments" or brothels are spread throughout the whole city.Oranienburger Straßein Mitte is infamous for its prostitutes at night. These women are a tourist attraction and the ladies focus only on tourists to request exorbitant prices.

The proximity to Eastern Europe, relaxed visa rules, and the illegal migrant community increases the number of prostitutes. Advertisements are in the tabloids and online. Human trafficking and illegal immigration is a problem; therefore, police raids do take place and close down illegal operations. Brothels and prostitutes must register just like any other businesses, or they will be prosecuted for tax evasion. In general, police officers are not interested in the clients (especially if you stay calm and don't try to argue) but you must have a photo ID (a photocopy of your passport is fine) with you. Otherwise, you might spend a night at the police station while your background gets checked.

Medical emergencies and Fires, 112.

Police emergency number, 110.

Berlin is home to Charité, perhaps one of the world's most famous hospitals, former workplace of medicine legends likeRobert Koch, Rudolf Virchow, Emil von Behring orEmil Fischer.

Berlin has a large number ofpublic librariesthroughout the city. One of the largest is theAmerika-Gedenkbibliothek (America Memorial Library) on Blücherplatz 1.

  • AfghanistanAfghanistan, Taunusstr. 3, +49 30 206 7350. M-Th 09:30-13:30.
  • AlbaniaAlbania, Friedrichstr. 231, +49 30 259 30 40. M-F 09:00-13:00.
  • AlgeriaAlgeria, Görschstr. 45-46, +49 30 437 370. M-F 09:00-13:00.
  • AngolaAngola, Wallstraße 58, +49 30 240 8970. M-Tu Th-F 09:30-13:30.
  • ArgentinaArgentina (Argentinien), Kleiststraße 23-26 (Wittenbergplatz, +49 30 226 6890. M-F 09:00-17:00.
  • ArmeniaArmenia, Nußbaumallee 4, +49 30 405 0910. M-Tu Th 10:00-13:30, and Tu 14:30-17:00.
  • AustraliaAustralia, Wallstraβe 76-79, +49 30 880 0880. M W F 09:00-11:00. Embassy is also accredited to Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland
  • AustriaAustria (Österreich), Stauffenbergstraße 1, +49 30 269 34 280. M-Tu Th-F 09:00-13:00 and W 12:00-16:00.
  • AzerbaijanAzerbaijan, Hubertusallee 43, +49 30 219 1613. M W F 09:00-12:00-noon.
  • BahrainBahrain, Klingelhöferstraße 7, +49 30 8687 7777.
  • BangladeshBangladesh, Dovestr. 1, +49 30 398 9750. M-F 09:00-13:00 and 14:00-17:00.
  • BelarusBelarus, AmTreptower Park32, +49 30 536 35 932. Mo, Tue, Thu, Fr 09:00-12:00.
  • BelgiumBelgium, Jägerstraße 52-53, +49 30 20 64 20. Mo - Fr 09:00-12:00.
  • BeninBenin, Englerallee 23, +49 30 23 631 4710. Mo-Thu 09:00-13:00 and 14:00-17:00, Fr 09:00-16:00.
  • BoliviaBolivia, Wichmannstraße 6, +49 30 263 9150. M-F 09:00-14:00.
  • Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina, Ibsenstraße 14, +49 30 8147 1210. M-F 09:00-14:00.
  • BrazilBrazil (Brasilien), Wallstraße 57, +49 30 726 280. M-F 08:30-13:00.
  • BruneiBrunei, Kronenstraße 55-58, +49 30 206 076 00. M-F 08:30-12:30, Mo-Thu 13:30-16:30, Fr 13:00-16:00.
  • BulgariaBulgaria, Mauerstraße 11, +49 30 208 21 78. Mo, Tue, Thu, Fr 09:00-11:30.
  • Burkina FasoBurkina Faso, Karolingerplatz 10-11, +49 30 301 059 90. Mo, Tue, Thu, Fr 09:00-12:00.
  • BurundiBurundi, Berliner Straße36 (Wilmersdorf), +49 30 234 56 70. Mo-Fr 09:00-13:00.
  • CambodiaCambodia, Benjamin-Vogelsdorff-Straße 2, +49 30 4863 7901. M-Th 09:00-12:30 and 13:00-17:00.
  • CameroonCameroon, Ulmenallee 32, +49 30 8906 8090. 09:00-15:30.
  • CanadaCanada, Leipziger Platz17 (+49 30 20 31 25 90, +49 30 203 120. M-F 09:00-12:00.
  • ChileChile, Mohrenstraße 42-101, +49 30 72 620 35. Mo-Fr 09:00-13:00.
  • ChinaChina, Märkisches Ufer 54, +49 30 275 880. M-F 09:00-12:00.
  • Costa Rica Costa Rica, Dessauer Straße28/29, +49 30 263 989 90. M-F 09:00-16:00 (Fr 15:00).
  • CroatiaCroatia (Kroatien), Ahornstraße 4, +49 30 2191 5514. M-F 09:30-14:00.
  • CubaCuba (Kuba), Stavangerstrasse. 20, +49 30 4471 4992.
  • Czech RepublicCzech Republic (Tschechien), Wilhelmstrasse 44, +49 30 226380. M-F 08:30-11:00.
  • DenmarkDenmark, Rauchstraße 1, D-10787 Berlin (Co-located with the embassies of Finland, Iceland, Norway & Sweden in theNordic EmbassiesHouse, +49 30 5050 2000. M-F 09:00-12:00.
  • Dominican RepublicDominican Republic, Dessauer Straße28/29, +49 30 257 57 76. M-F 10:00-14:00.
  • EgyptEgypt, Stauffenbergstraße 6-7, +49 30 4775 470. 10:00-14:00.
  • Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea, Rohlfsstraße 17-19, +49 30 88 66 38 77. 09:00-16:00.
  • EthiopiaEthiopia, Boothstraße 20 a, +49 30 77 20 60. 09:00-16:00.
  • FinlandFinland, Rauchstraße 1, +49 30 505 030. M-F 09:00-12:00.
  • FranceFrance (Frankreich), Pariser Platz5, +49 30 590 03 9100.
  • GreeceGreece, Jaegerstr. 54-55, +49 30 20 62 60.
  • GeorgiaGeorgia, Rauchstraße 11, +49 30 4849070.

  • HungaryHungary, Unter den Linden76, +49 30 203100. M-Tu & F 09:00-12:00; Th 09:00-12:00 and 14:00-16:00.
  • IcelandIceland, Rauchstraße 1 (Co-located with the embassies of Denmark, Finland, Norway & Sweden in theNordic EmbassiesHouse, +49 30 5050 4000. M-F 09:00-12:00 and 13:00-16:00. Embassy is also accredited to Croatia, Germany, Poland, Montenegro and Serbia. There is no consulate in Montenegro.
  • IndiaIndia, Tiergartenstr. 17, +49 30 2579 5101. M-F 09:30-12:30.
  • IndonesiaIndonesia, Lehrter Str. 16-17, +49 30 478 070. M-Th 09:30-12:30 and 14:30-15:30, F 09:00-12:00.
  • IranIran, Podbielskiallee 67, +49 30 8435 3399. M-F 08:15-16:15.
  • IrelandIreland, Jägerstraße 51 10117 Berlin, +49 30 220 720. M-F 09:30-12:30 & 14:30-16:30.
  • IsraelIsrael, Auguste-Viktoria-Str. 74-76, +49 30 8904 5500. M-Th 09:30-13:00, F 09:30-12:30.
  • ItalyItaly (Italien), Hiroshimastraße 1, +49 30 25440-0.
  • JapanJapan, Hiroshimastraße 6, +49 30 21-09-40. M-F 09:00-12:15 and 14:00-16:00.
  • JordanJordan, Heerstraße 201, +49 30 36-99-600. M-F 09:00-15:00; 09:00-12:00 to receive visa & passport applications and other documents for notarization. 14:00-15:00 To return processed documents.
  • South KoreaSouth Korea (Südkorea), Stülerstraße 8/10, +49 30 26065-0. M-F 09:00-12:00 and 14:00-16:00.
  • LebanonLebanon (Libanon), Berlinerstraße 127, +49 30 47 49 86 0. M-Th 08:00-15:00 and F 08:00-14:00; Consular services close at 12:00 Daily.
  • LiechtensteinLiechtenstein, Mohrenstraße 42, +49 30 52-000-630. By appointment only.
  • LuxembourgLuxembourg, Klingelhöferstraße 7.
  • MexicoMexico (Mexiko), Klingelhöferstraße 3,, +49 30 26 93 23 - 0. M-F 09:00-17:00.
  • MongoliaMongolia (Mongolei), Dietzgenstraße 31, +49 30 474 8060. M-Tu Th 08:30-12:00, W 13:30-17:00.
  • New ZealandNew Zealand (Neuseeland), Friedrichstraße 60, +49 30 206 210. M-F 09:00-13:00 and 14:00-17:30.
  • NetherlandsKingdom of the Netherlands, Klosterstraße 50, +49 30 209560. M-F 09:00-12:30.
  • NorwayNorway (Norwegen), Rauchstraße 1 (Co-located with the embassies of Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Sweden in theNordic EmbassiesHouse, +49 30 505 050. M-F 09:00-16:00.
  • PakistanPakistan, Schaperstr. 29 (U-Bhf Spichernstraße, +49 30 2124 4299. M-F 09:00-13 and 14:00-17:00 except F 09:00-12:30.
  • PhilippinesPhilippines (Philippinen), +49 30 864 95 023. M-F 09:00-13:00.
  • PolandPoland (Polen), Lassenstraße 19-21, +49 30 223130. M-F 08:15-16:15.
  • RussiaRussia (Russland), Unter den Linden63-65, +49 30 229 1110. M-F 08:30-14:00.
  • SerbiaSerbia, Wilhelmstraße 70, +49 30 204 570. M-F 08:30-16:30.
  • SlovakiaSlovakia, Hildebrandstraße 25, +49 30 88926200. M-F 08:00-12:00.
  • SwedenSweden (Schweden), Rauchstraße 1 (Co-located with the embassies of Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Norway in theNordic EmbassiesHouse, +49 30 50 50 60. M-F 09:00-12:00; Immigration Service available on Thursdays only.
  • South AfricaSouth Africa (Südafrika), Tiergartenstr. 18, +49 30 22073 0. M-F 08:00-12:45 and 13:30-16:30.
  • SpainSpain, Lichtensteinallee, 1, +49 30 254 007 0. M-F 09:00-14:00 and 14:30-17:00 (Thursdays).
  • SwitzerlandSwitzerland (Schweiz), Otto-von-Bismarck-Allee 4A, +49 30 390 40 00.
  • SyriaSyria, Rauchstraße 25, +49 30 501770. M-Th 08:30-15:30.
  • TurkeyTurkey (Türkei), Runge Straße 9, +49 30 275 85 0. M-F 09:00-18:30.
  • TunisiaTunisia, Lindenallee 16, +49 30 364 10 70. M-F 09:00-13:00.
  • the United KingdomUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Großbritannien), Elsenstraße 3, +49 30 5363 0108.
  • the United StatesUnited States of America (Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika), Clayallee 170, +49 30 8305-0.
  • VietnamVietnam, Elsenstraße 3, +49 30 5363 0108. M W Th 09:00-12:30 and 13:30-17:00.
  • YemenYemen, Budapester Straße37, +49 30 897 3050. M-F 09:00-15:00.
  • ZambiaZambia, Axel Springer-Str. 54a, +49 30 206 2940. M-F 09:00-16:00.
  • ZimbabweZimbabwe, Axel-Springer-Straße 54a/Kommundantenstr. 80, +49 30 206 2263. M-F 09:00-13:00, 14:00-16:00.

Some people from Berlin would ask you why you would ever want to leave, but there are a couple of nice places in close proximity—some even within reach of theBerlin S-Bahn. Outside a thin ring of suburbs (compared to most other European metropolises), Brandenburg is mostly rural so a short drive will get you right into picturesque nature. Berliners call this area "JWD" (pronouncedyott vay day), short for "janz weit draußen", that is "in the back of beyond". Brandenburg and Berlin cooperate in many facets of regional planning and the boundary between the two is not always easy to make out. Part of that cooperation is a plan to (in theory) focus development along a "star-shaped" net of rail lines heading towards Berlin.

The motorwayRaststätteGrunewald at the S-Bahn stationNikolasseeis a good spot for hitching if you're heading south or west.

  • Potsdam(35 km) — the capital of the surrounding federal state of Brandenburg, not far southwest of Berlin, and makes a perfect day trip. Especially the park of Sanssouci, a world heritage site with its great famous palaces, is worth a visit. You can get there with the S-Bahn S7 or Regional-Express RE1 to the stationPotsdam HauptbahnhoforPark Sanssouci(fare zone C). It takes about half an hour fromBerlin Hauptbahnhofor Friedrichstraße.
  • Oranienburg(35 km) — a quiet suburb housing the remains ofKZ Sachsenhausen, one of the few preserved Nazi concentration camps on German soil. There's also a small palace in the centre of Oranienburg. Half an hour by RE train.
  • Spreewald(c. 85 km) — a protected UNESCO biosphere reserve. It includes low-lying areas in which the river Spree meanders in thousands of small waterways through meadows and forests. It is a beautiful, unique landscape about one hour south of Berlin and well worth a day trip or a weekend trip to relax from the buzzing city life.
  • Frankfurt an der Oder(100 km) — on the Polish border, with many international students, is within easy reach. Just over an hour by RE train (half-hourly service).
  • Lutherstadt Wittenberg(110 km) — about 40 minutes southeast of Berlin by ICE. Schlosskirche was the church where Martin Luther nailed his theses to the church door, starting the Protestant Reformation. Across the street from there is a visitor's centre with great information. Great city to tour and one can easily explore on foot.
  • Müritz Lake Region (Mecklenburgische Seenplatte; c. 145 km) — a national park to the north with a few hundred lakes. Perfect for camping and canoeing close to the nature.
  • Leipzig(190 km) — East Germany's most vibrant and fastest-groing city, known for its creative cultural scene, sometimes pretentiously called the "New Berlin", but still a lot smaller and more relaxed than the capital; 1:15 hours by train to the south.
  • Dresden(190 km) — the former royal capital of Saxony with its Baroque palaces, churches and precious art treasures; two hours by train or car to the south. Intense competition on the Dresden-Berlin route means a bus ticket (2.5 to 3 hours) can be had for as little as five Euros.
  • The beautifulBaltic seashore(e.g. Usedom,Stralsundand Rügen) is close enough for a day or weekend trip by car (2.5 to 3 hours) or train (nearly three hours to Stralsund; 3–3:45 h to Usedom).
  • Hamburg(290 km) — the second-largest city in Germany, is less than 2 hours away by ICE; the IRE takes a bit longer (3 hr) but the special offer of €19.90 one way (available at all times) is hard to beat and it's still faster than the bus.

The Polish border is just some 90 km to the east of Berlin, therefore it might be interesting to do a trip:

  • Szczecin(Stettin; 150 km) — about two and a half hours by train.
  • Poznań(Posen; 270 km) — three hours by train.

[[Potsdam]](35 km) — the capital of the surrounding federal state of Brandenburg, not far southwest of Berlin, and makes a perfect day trip. Especially the park of Sanssouci, a world heritage site with its great famous palaces, is worth a visit. You can get there with the S-Bahn S7 or Regional-Express RE1 to the stationPotsdam HauptbahnhoforPark Sanssouci(fare zone C). It takes about half an hour from Berlin Hauptbahnhof or Friedrichstraße.

[[Oranienburg]](35 km) — a quiet suburb housing the remains ofKZ Sachsenhausen, one of the few preserved Nazi concentration camps on German soil. There's also a small palace in the centre of Oranienburg. Half an hour by RE train.

[[Spreewald]](c. 85 km) — a protected UNESCO biosphere reserve. It includes low-lying areas in which the river Spree meanders in thousands of small waterways through meadows and forests. It is a beautiful, unique landscape about one hour south of Berlin and well worth a day trip or a weekend trip to relax from the buzzing city life.

[[Frankfurt an der Oder]](100 km) — on the Polish border, with many international students, is within easy reach. Just over an hour by RE train (half-hourly service).

[[Wittenberg|Lutherstadt Wittenberg]](110 km) — about 40 minutes southeast of Berlin by ICE. Schlosskirche was the church where Martin Luther nailed his theses to the church door, starting the [[Protestant Reformation]]. Across the street from there is a visitor's centre with great information. Great city to tour and one can easily explore on foot.

Müritz Lake Region (Mecklenburgische Seenplatte; c. 145 km) — a national park to the north with a few hundred lakes. Perfect for camping and canoeing close to the nature.

[[Leipzig]](190 km) — East Germany's most vibrant and fastest-groing city, known for its creative cultural scene, sometimes pretentiously called the "New Berlin", but still a lot smaller and more relaxed than the capital; 1:15 hours by train to the south.

[[Dresden]](190 km) — the former royal capital of Saxony with its Baroque palaces, churches and precious art treasures; two hours by train or car to the south. Intense competition on the Dresden-Berlin route means [[Intercity buses in Germany|a bus ticket]] (2.5 to 3 hours) can be had for as little as five Euros.

The beautiful[[Baltic Sea Coast (Germany)|Baltic seashore]](e.g. [[Usedom]], [[Stralsund]] and [[Rügen]]) is close enough for a day or weekend trip by car (2.5 to 3 hours) or train (nearly three hours to Stralsund; 3–3:45 h to Usedom).

[[Hamburg]](290 km) — the second-largest city in Germany, is less than 2 hours away by ICE; the IRE takes a bit longer (3 hr) but the special offer of €19.90 one way (available at all times) is hard to beat and it's still faster than the bus.

[[Szczecin]](Stettin; 150 km) — about two and a half hours by train.

[[Poznań]](Posen; 270 km) — three hours by train.




الطريق الشعبي

روما(ROMA) إلى فلورنسا(FIRENZE) | إنترلاكن(INTERLAKEN) إلى فصفصة نبات(LUZERN) | روما(ROMA) إلى ميلان(MILANO) | فرانكفورت(FRANKFURT) إلى البرلينية(BERLIN) | مدريد(MADRID) إلى برشلونة(BARCELONA) | فرانكفورت(FRANKFURT) إلى دوسلدورف(DüSSELDORF) | ميلان(MILANO) إلى روما(ROMA) | دوسلدورف(DüSSELDORF) إلى مطار فرانكفورت(FRANKFURT AIRPORT) | Arth إلى ميلان(MILANO) | افينيون(AVIGNON) إلى باريس(PARIS) | روما(ROMA) إلى البندقية(VENEZIA) | إنترلاكن(INTERLAKEN) إلى جونجفروجوتش | موسكو(Москва) إلى سانت بطرسبرغ(Санкт-Петербург) | لا سبيتسيا(LA SPEZIA) إلى Manarola | البندقية(VENEZIA) إلى فلورنسا(FIRENZE) | فلورنسا(FIRENZE) إلى ميلان(MILANO) | نابولي(NAPOLI) إلى روما(ROMA) | البندقية(VENEZIA) إلى فلورنسا(FIRENZE) | فلورنسا(FIRENZE) إلى البندقية(VENEZIA) | وارسو(WARSZAWA) إلى البرلينية(BERLIN) | روما(ROMA) إلى فلورنسا(FIRENZE) | مطار فرانكفورت(FRANKFURT AIRPORT) إلى كولونيا(KöLN) | روما(ROMA) إلى البندقية(VENEZIA) | فرانكفورت(FRANKFURT) إلى كولونيا(KöLN) | برشلونة(BARCELONA) إلى مدريد(MADRID) | روما(ROMA) إلى فلورنسا(FIRENZE) | بيزا(PISA) إلى فلورنسا(FIRENZE) | فصفصة نبات(LUZERN) إلى إنترلاكن(INTERLAKEN) | البرلينية(BERLIN) إلى فرانكفورت(FRANKFURT) | Müchen(MüCHEN) إلى البرلينية(BERLIN) |